In fact, he is credited as the first one that calculated the earth's circumference. He was a Greek mathematician, astronomer, geographer, and poet. How many branches of government did the Roman Republic have? The Acropolis in Athens was home to the iconic Parthenon temple and its remains exist to this day. He was also the first know person to calculate the circumference of the earth. It also housed the main temples. Greece's Golden Age. This is the first modern edition and first English translation of one of the earliest and most important works in the history of geography, the third-century Geographika of Eratosthenes. ), the view became widely accepted that the earth was a sphere … In conclusion you now know that the ancient Greeks have made many important contributes to the human race in ancient Athens, Pericles ordered the construction of several major temples on the acropolis. In 1781, George Washington forced the surrender of lord Cornwallis at? D. hipsters. A Greek mathematician and … advancements in science and culture in the final era of ancient Greece. Writing of Eratosthenes . The Athenian Acropolis is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Any incorrect answers get reported Which of the following pairs of documents influenced the Declaration of Independence? He lived from 276 to 194 B.C. Eratosthenes was born in the Greek city of Cyrene on the coast of what is now Libya in 276 BCE. Early Life Eratosthenes (ehr-ah-TAWS-theh-neez) was born in the Greek North African city of Cyrene about 285 b.c.e. He calculated the value of the infinite number known as pi. He was also active in the fields of astronomy, geography, music, and poetry. Eratosthenes (276-194 BC.) Of the many con tributions, those of a single individual, Xenophon, remain remarkably useful to this day. Eratosthenes proposed a simple algorithm for finding prime numbers.This algorithm is known in mathematics as the Sieve of Eratosthenes.. The ancient Greeks did not “invent” mathematics; mathematics existed as a discipline long before the Greeks and it had already been studied to some extent for practical purposes by the Sumerians, Akkadians, … Eratosthenes was also known as Beta: his erudition in many disciplines was … Eratosthenes was called "Beta" (the second letter of the Greek alphabet) because he was never first, but he is more famous than his "Alpha" teachers because his discoveries are still used today. A particularly famous contribution made by Eratosthenes would be the sieve of Eratosthenes. Eratosthenes was an illustrious ancient Greek polymath who had expertise in mathematics, astronomy and geography. Ancient Greek Contributions to Literature and History Did you know that the word alphabet comes from the first two letters of the Greek alphabet, alpha and beta? Contributions of Greeks in the field of Physical Geography: The Greeks made remarkable development in the field of physical geography. He lived and worked for most of his life in the city of Alexandria in Egypt. The ancient Greeks developed, over a period of centuries, an elaborate cosmology. Eratosthenes treated the inhabited world as an island, and made it in shape of irregular oblong, the extremities of which tapered off to a point both east and west. the death of Alexander the Great. Explain how President Truman develops the idea of "totalitarianism". He was born in about 276 BC and died in about 194 BC. Their contributions in the field of mathematics went beyond the practical purposes of their neighbors. Eratosthenes believed that every nation had both good and evil, and criticised Aristotle for arguing that humanity was divided into Greeks and barbarians. What was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece? Explain how President Truman develops the idea of "totalitarianism". Among these was a temple, the Parthenon, which many consider the finest example of Greek architecture. The Greeks were the first to write dramatic plays. Much of what Eratosthenes wrote is now lost, including a geometrical treatise, On Means, and one on the mathematics behind Plato's philosophy, Platonicus.He also wrote the fundamentals of astronomy in a poem called Hermes.His most famous calculation, in the now lost treatise On the Measurement of the Earth, explains how he compared the shadow of the sun … - 1030542 rehn rehn 02/26/2016 History High School What was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece? On the western front, the major military strategy that led to four long years of war was a - the use of trench warfare b - the use of tanks c - the use of aerial reconnaissance d - the use of calvary. He invented the discipline of Geography. 13 terms. This is an algorithm used for find all of the prime numbers up to a named limit. 285-205 BC ) invented the discipline of geography as we understand it. In ancient Greece, the theatre was a part of festivals held in honour of the god Dionysus; it later evolved into an art of its own. Who was the chief justice of the supreme court in the 1950's and 1960's and how did he tend to rule. About 200 years BC in ancient Greece, scientists in those days were convinced that the spherical shape of the Earth, and not a flat disk, was correct. He wrote a geometry textbook that was used for nearly 2,000 years B. 2 See answers Kalahira Kalahira A particularly famous contribution made by Eratosthenes would be the sieve of Eratosthenes. However there is one field the Greeks have mastered in, mathematics that we do not appreciate as much as we should be. How is the history of king Leopold taught in the Congo? He computed the circumference of planet Earth. The Hellenistic Age began in Greece with. He is said to have drawn the first known map of the world, including meridians and parallels, for which he is considered as the inventor of geography. a. discovery of the geocentric theory b. discovery of a mathematical formula to relate the sides of a right triangle c. calculation of the circumference of the world to within one percent d. calculation of the weight of ships by the amount of water they displaced What religious beliefs made the Hebrews different from other ancient people's? But by the time of the thinkers associated with the legendary and mythical Pythagorus (560-480BC, app. The earliest views, going back to the time of Homer and Hesiod (the 8th century BC) postulated a flat or cylindrical earth located in a hemispherical cosmos that surrounded or envelopped it. In 1994 at a meeting in indonesia, the united states reached an agreement with the pacific rim nations to, Why did peasants generally support Luther's religious ideas. Around Eratosthenes' time the Greek cities of Egypt and the East were flourishing both materially and culturally and most of them were at their peak. His only surviving work is Catasterisms, a book about constellations. Contribution of Greeks to Mathematical and Physical Geography! What impact did the outcome of the Peloponnesian War have on Greece? The works of Archimedes and Eratosthenes in geometry became very influential. Eratosthenes, a scientist of ancient Greece, made the first accurate measurement of the Earth's diameter. Greek Anaximander was the first one to conceptualize the idea of latitude and longitude and draw maps on the basis of that. Contribution: PYTHAGORAS(C. 570 BC – 495 BC) 30. Finally, Greek leagues formed to combine their powers against the Romans. Chief among these is the calculation of the circumference of the earth and the development of a mathematical sieve named after him. How is the history of king Leopold taught in the Congo? Among the ancient Greek philosophers, almost all of whom made contributions to the study of geography, the two basic traditions of geographic study can be found: the mathematical tradition and the literary tradition. What was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece? Moreover, the fields of mathematics and science achieved substantial maturity. For example, the word telephone is made up of the Greek words This is a facsimile of the map he produced based on his calculations. But over 2,000 years earlier in ancient Greece, a man arrived at nearly that exact same figure by putting a stick in the ground. In this work, which for the first time described the geography of the entire inhabited world as it was then known, Eratosthenes of Kyrene (ca. Maps in Ancient Babylonia were made by using accurate surveying techniques.. For example, a 7.6 × 6.8 cm clay tablet found in 1930 at Ga-Sur, near contemporary Kirkuk, shows a map of a river valley between two hills. due to the fact that he became blind and could no longer work. He made a calendar with leap years, a 675-star catalog, and … A particularly famous contribution made by Eratosthenes would be the sieve of Eratosthenes. Our alphabet grew out of the one that ancient Greeks used. Eratosthenes, Greek scientific writer, astronomer, and poet, who made the first measurement of the size of Earth for which any details are known. Eratosthenes (276-195 BCE) was an ancient Greek Alexandrian scholar, native of Cyrene, who attained distinction in many fields including philosophy, mathematics, astronomy and history.However, it was in geography where he proved to be more skillful for he was one of the greatest of all ancient geographers. As a young man, Eratosthenes studied in Athens. Eratosthenes of Cyrene (276 BC-194 BC) is a famous Greek mathematician, astronomer, geographer, artist and historian. What is the importance of contributions made by Euclid Eratosthenes ... Archimedes, Strabo, Ptolemy, and Galen are the best known scientists of ancient Greece. . The Geography (Greek: Γεωγραφικὴ Ὑφήγησις, Geōgraphikḕ Hyphḗgēsis, lit. An important contribution was made by the ancient Greeks in the field of Theater as well and the two types of plays which were written were tragedies and comedies. Eratosthenes made several important contributions to mathematics and science, and was a friend of Archimedes. Let us have a look at some of the contributions of this ancient civilization to the modern world. 3. He computed the circumference of planet earth was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece and vital for development of geography. The ancient Greeks made a variety of contributions to business-related fields (Table 1). What was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece? He had inclination toward arts as well as music and poetry composition. Many of the ancient Greeks' discoveries and inventions are still used today, although some of their ideas have been overturned. The scholar Eratosthenes of Kyrene (lived 276 – c. 195/194 BC), a head librarian at the Library of Alexandria in Egypt, calculated the circumference of the earth and was only off by less than one percent—not bad at all for the second century BC! Eratosthenes was born in Cyrene, Greece, which is now known as Libya, in North Africa, in 276 B.C.E.. Ancient Greece influenced Western Civilization in many ways. SOlson88. Willow_Watson3. Eratosthenes is most famous for making the first accurate measurement of the circumference of the Earth. The Greek culture has had a very large impact on the way people have lived. ABOVE: Laocoön and His Sons, a sculpture group by the Greek sculptors Agesandros, Athenodoros, and Polydoros #8. He developed military tactics that still apply today. 1. Eratosthenes, Greek scientific writer, astronomer, and poet, who made the first measurement of the size of Earth for which any details are known. The Hellenistic Age was characterized by. It is believed that he starved himself to death in 195 B.C.E. It can also be used within arithmetic progressions to find prime numbers, too. It can also be used within arithmetic progressions to find prime numbers, too. advancements in science and culture in the final era of ancient Greece. The Greeks developed the science of astronomy. Another contribution that Eratosthenes made to geography was his description of the region "Eudaimon Arabia", now the Yemen, as inhabited by four different races. He wrote a geometry textbook that was used for nearly 2,000 years. Which of the following describes the contribution of Eratosthenes? The contribution of Eratosthenes in the field of Geography. He calculated the value of the infinite number known as pi C. He computed the circumference of planet earth D. He developed military tactics that still apply today B. hawks. This is an algorithm used for find all of the prime numbers up to a named limit. Around 255 BC, he invented the armillary sphere. In mathematics, the sieve of Eratosthenes (Greek: κόσκινον Ἐρατοσθένους), one of a number of prime number sieves, is a simple, ancient algorithm for finding all prime numbers up to any given limit. was the first scientific geographer who propounded the length of the equator of the earth as 25000 miles, which is close to the actual value of 2486 miles. One contribution of Eratosthenes was trhat he was the first to calculate the circumference of the Earth and also the tilt of earth´s axis. He developed military tactics that still apply today. His only surviving work is Catasterisms, a book about constellations. In fact, he is credited as the first one that calculated the earth's circumference. His method is known as the Sieve of Eratosthenes. At least one—the discovery that the sun is the center of the solar system—was ignored and then rediscovered. He computed the circumference of planet Earth. While a comedy made fun of a particular person, group of persons or any other such topic, a tragedy dealt with a moral or any relevant social issue or any such human suffering. His contemporaries nicknamed him "beta" (Greek for "number two") because he supposedly proved himself to be the second in the ancient Mediterranean world in many fields. Any incorrect answers get reported Which of the following pairs of documents influenced the Declaration of Independence? Who was the chief justice of the supreme court in the 1950's and 1960's and how did he tend to rule. Members of the 1960s counterculture movement were often called A. doves. He calculated the value of the infinite number known as pi. Eratosthenes (276-194 BC.) The majority of modern-day society owes its very existence to Greece and its founders. However, after a bloody war, Greece was totally absorbed into the Roman republic in 146 BC. 20 terms. He computed the circumference of planet earth was one contribution made by Eratosthenes in ancient Greece and vital for development of geography He was also the director of the Library of Alexandria. In addition, many English words have Greek roots. What religious beliefs made the Hebrews different from other ancient people's? The Greeks made tremen­dous advancements in the fields of geomorphology, climatology and oceanography. Eratosthenes lived in Alexandria, Egypt, part of Ancient Greece. Eratosthenes was born in Cyrene, Greece, which is now known as Libya, in North Africa, in 276 B.C.E.. At the Library of Alexandria, he was the chief librarian where he read books on a variety of disciplines that expanded his knowledge extensively. The Greek Golden Age started to come to an end. “Eratosthenes’ Calculation of the Earth’s Circumference s.” Ancient History Encyclopedia.Ancient History Encyclopedia, 05 Apr 2013. Eratosthenes thought the following way. Being a mathematician is not an easy task but the Greek seems to have mastered in the field. His calculation of the circumference of planet Earth was remarkably accurate, and he also calculated the distance from Earth to the Sun. discovery of the geocentric theory discovery of a mathematical formula to relate the sides of a right triangle calculation of the circumference of the world to within one percent calculation of the weight of ships by the amount of water they displaced . On the western front, the major military strategy that led to four long years of war was a - the use of trench warfare b - the use of tanks c - the use of aerial reconnaissance d - the use of calvary. He calculated the value of the infinite number known as pi. 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