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In these cases the result for the blood sodium will be low but that … Hyponatremia or low sodium blood levels may result from excess fluid in the body relative to a normal amount of sodium, or it may be due to a loss of sodium and body fluid caused by chronic conditions like kidney or … When sodium levels drop slowly, the condition is called chronic hyponatremia and patients may experience nausea, vomiting, headache and confusion. If you have low blood pressure, you may want to consider changing your diet. Here are 6 reasons why restricting sodium too much can be harmful. There are artificial ways of getting sodium injected into the body. Our adrenal glands produce hormones to help balance the water, sodium, and potassium levels. Learn more about conditions associated with abnormal results. Overhydration, or drinking too much water, is a potentially deadly condition. You should also consider drinking rehydration beverages like Gatorade or Powerade. Over-the-counter and prescribed medications may have an adverse effect on the sodium levels in our blood. Your sodium levels may get too low if your body loses too much water and electrolytes. If you’re an athlete, it’s important to drink the right amount of water during exercise. Low sodium blood levels may be caused by excess fluid in the body relative to a normal amount of sodium, or it may be due to a loss of sodium and body fluid caused by chronic conditions like kidney failure or congestive heart failure (CHF). Low functioning adrenal glands and an underactive thyroid will cause sodium levels to drop. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Strenuous exercise such as running can cause us to sweat profusely and replenishing with water may dilute our sodium content. Men should aim for 3 liters. We may lose valuable nutrients, electrolytes, and fluids through severe bouts of diarrhea and vomiting. If your blood sodium levels are low but your urine sodium levels are high, your body is losing too much sodium. Let’s explore what dangerously low sodium levels actually mean … It may include: Keeping your water and electrolyte levels in balance can help prevent low blood sodium. Hyponatremia (low blood sodium) is a condition that means you don’t have enough sodium in your blood. But don’t you know that low levels of sodium are also terrible for your health? A normal sodium level is between 135 to 145 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L). What Are These Tiny Red Spots on My Skin (Petechiae)? Sodium plays a key role in your body function. If your levels are abnormal, your doctor will order a urine test to check the amount of sodium in your urine. Treatment depends on the cause. Low blood sodium is caused by many factors such as loss of too much water and electrolytes from the body. When you’re adequately hydrated, your urine will be pale yellow or clear, and you won’t feel thirsty. Hyponatremia occurs when the concentration of sodium in your blood is abnormally low. Medications, medical conditions, and fluid loss from sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting can all lead to hyponatremia. Medications that are prescribed to treat high blood pressure or fluid retention, called diuretics, can lead to low sodium levels. The causes of low sodium levels in the blood include certain medications, kidney, heart or liver problems, and chronic and severe vomiting or diarrhea, explains Mayo Clinic. Take a look at our list and see which ones you'd like to add…. Sign Up for the Latest Health News and Tips, Home » General Health » Low Sodium in Blood (Hyponatremia): Definition, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment. We include products we think are useful for our readers. Hyponatremia refers to a low level of sodium in the blood. Other risk factors include consumption of the recreational drug Ecstasy, sudden exposure to a hot climate, or a strict low-sodium diet. But why is it so important to maintain a good balance within your sodium levels in the body? What causes hyponatremia? Initial stages of low levels may not present any symptoms unless they drop rapidly. These can include antidepressants, pain relievers, and diuretics. Hyponatremia is present when levels drop below 135 mEq/L. Martel, J., “Low Blood Sodium (Hyponatremia),” Healthline, March 27, 2017; http://www.healthline.com/health/hyponatremia#1, last accessed April 11, 2017. Blood sodium levels can drop gradually or rapidly, depending on the underlying cause. Some of the known causes of low sodium levels include: The recreational drug known as ecstasy can lead to a rapid drop in sodium levels that may result in death. taking medications for symptoms such as headaches, nausea, and seizures, infusing an intravenous (IV) sodium solution. Hyponatremia occurs when your sodium level goes below 135 mEq/L. Your body loses a certain amount of sodium each day through sweat and when you go to the bathroom. The sodium levels in our blood become depleted as we sweat, and we may overcompensate by drinking too much water. Symptoms can be absent, mild or severe. Sodium concentration is higher in the bloodstream than inside cells. It's most often caused by excessive vomiting. We need sodium to help maintain blood pressure, regulate fluids, and aid in the function of our nerves and muscles. It occurs when your serum sodium level exceeds 145 mEq/L. “Hyponatremia,” Mayo Clinic; http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hyponatremia/basics/treatment/con-20031445, last accessed April 10, 2017. Learn more about low sodium levels, risk factors… Treatment depends on the cause… A sodium blood test is a routine test that allows your doctor to see how much sodium is in your blood. drug induced low sodium FREE subscriptions for doctors and students... click here You have 3 open access pages. Most foods have sodium in them. Certain risk factors including age can also heighten the chance of developing low blood sodium levels. Health conditions affecting our hormone balance can also cause hyponatremia. Disclaimer: Results are not guaranteed*** and may vary from person to person***. With low blood sodium (hyponatremia), the imbalance of water to sodium is caused by one of three conditions: Euvolemic hyponatremia -- total body water increases, but the body's sodium content stays the same Hypervolemic hyponatremia -- both sodium and water content in the body increase, but the water gain is greater It’s caused less commonly by diabetes insipidus. Sodium chloride—also known as salt—is used in medical treatments such as IV infusions and catheter flushes. Low sodium in blood is medically referred to as hyponatremia and can lead to serious consequences if left untreated. Low sodium levels may be a sign of dehydration or organ failure. “Low Sodium Level,” Medline Plus; https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000394.htm, last accessed April 11, 2017. Lundman, S., “Is V8 Juice Good for You?” Livestrong, December 18, 2013; http://www.livestrong.com/article/409207-is-v8-juice-good-for-you/, last accessed April 11, 2017. Hyponatremia occurs when sodium levels in the blood are too low. The official hyponatremia definition is the lack of sodium in the blood necessary to regulate the water used by our cells. What Causes Low Blood Sodium Levels? When this happens, your body's water levels rise, and your cells beg… Low sodium levels are often seen among the elderly, but among other age groups as well. Sodium is a mineral element which is an important part of the human body. It may identify low blood sodium in someone without any symptoms. Low sodium levels in both your blood and your urine mean your body isn’t taking in enough sodium. If you’ve ever gone through surgery or known someone who has, you understand that the body goes through an intense amount of stress because of the procedure itself. Answer From Paul Y. Takahashi, M.D. Our adrenal glands produce hormones to help balance the water, sodium, and potassium levels. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The common causes of low chloride levels or hypochloremia in the body are loss of fluids due to prolonged diarrhea, vomiting, high fever, and sweating. Falsely low sodium levels Very high cholesterol levels. Drinks enriched with sodium such as vegetable juices can boost your blood sodium levels. The condition in which your blood level of sodium is abnormally low is called hyponatremia. If you have any questions about low sodium levels and alcohol, please let us know and the team will gladly answer your questions. Sodium deficiencies that occur in low body fluid volumes are usually due to diarrhea, diuretics, excessive sweating, or vomiting. Many people tend to be afraid with high level of sodium within their body. In many cases, blood sodium levels fall gradually, producing only mild symptoms as the body has time to make adjustments. 4. Insufficient sodium in your blood is also known as hyponatremia. The most common form is sodium chloride, found in table salt. Low sodium levels can also be due to fluctuations in hormone levels, according to Mayo Clinic. This stage causes us to lose electrolytes such as sodium and other fluids. The thyroid gland producing inadequate thyroid hormone can also cause hyponatremia. A sodium level in the blood that is too low is dangerous and can cause seizures and coma. But how much water you should actually drink is more…, Foods that are rich in potassium, magnesium, and calcium can help lower blood pressure. There are some troubles caused by this matter including fatigue, headache, nausea, vomit, muscle cramp, anxiety, and more. There are several symptoms that indicate the sodium levels in your blood have dropped too low. A diagnosis of hyponatremia may result from an osmolality (chemical) blood test, a urine osmolality, a comprehensive metabolic panel, or a urine sodium test. There are some suggestions for low sodium treatment at home, which also may help to prevent levels from dropping. Its symptoms are similar to those caused by dehydration. “Drinks To Increase Sodium Intake,” San Francisco Gate; http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/drinks-increase-sodium-intake-10730.html, last accessed April 10, 2017. As we need sodium for proper functioning, it is important to understand what causes low levels and to be aware of hyponatremia symptoms. We will next investigate hyponatremia causes. During a typical day, women should aim to drink 2.2 liters of fluids. Regulatory mechanisms help control and maintain sodium levels. A basic metabolic panel is often part of a routine physical. We rely on sodium for the proper functioning of many organs, including our skin cells. Certain factors increase your risk of low blood sodium, including: If you’re at risk for low sodium, you may need to be more careful about your intake of electrolytes and water. It's often recommended to reduce sodium to lower blood pressure. When looking for high-sodium drinks to increase levels, limit beverages that do not have any nutritional benefit. Sodium is an essential electrolyte that helps maintain the balance of water in and around your cells. Sodium and water levels in the body are tightly regulated to keep it functioning normally. Low sodium levels can be caused by a host of factors. You can balance sodium levels with a low-sodium vegetable juice if in need of a smaller boost. Causes of Low Sodium Levels. Hormone conditions such as syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) are among the main causes of low sodium levels. We’ve always been told we should drink eight 8-ounce glasses of water each day to stay healthy. Low blood sodium (hyponatremia) occurs when you have an abnormally low amount of sodium in your blood or when you have too much water in your blood. It’s important to increase your fluid intake if: You should drink no more than 1 liter of water per hour. Older adults and young children are more susceptible to electrolyte and fluid imbalances. This can cause mild symptoms of nausea and headaches and eventually lead to rapid brain swelling and death. Health conditions affecting our hormone balance can also cause hyponatremia. There may also be too much water in your body. Drinks such as hot chocolate, flavored coffees, and fruit juices may have high sodium content but do not offer essential nutrients. A low sodium in blood level can lead to scary outcomes if ignored. Symptoms result from brain dysfunction. This hormone plays a key role in water retention, but too much of it causes your body to store excess amounts of water. Causes of low sodium include: severe vomiting or diarrhea taking certain medications, including antidepressants and pain medications taking diuretics (water pills) Hyponatremia happens when too much sodium leaves your body, or when more water than sodium stays in your blood. High sodium levels (hypertonicity) cause cells to release water and shrink. The results of this test will help your doctor determine the cause of your low blood sodium: Treatment for low blood sodium varies depending on the cause. Another important cause of low sodium is that if you are into taking a lot of diuretics, your levels of sodium will come down. A urine sodium test can be used to determine your kidney function and level of hydration. As our blood sodium levels drop, it is important to take note of recent lifestyle changes, any existing or new health conditions, and possible effects of prescribed medication. Hyponatremia is a low sodium concentration in the blood. Hence, you should reduce the number of diuretics that you tend to intake. You can keep your adrenal glands working properly by maintaining a healthy diet that includes fruits, vegetables, mushrooms, coconut products, seaweed, and foods enriched in B vitamins. Hyponatremia may also be a symptom of certain medical conditions. Low blood sodium is common in older adults, especially those who … Low sodium levels can occur in patients whose cancers produce ADH-like hormones, from other cancer complications and different treatment side effects. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. It is generally defined as a sodium concentration of less than 135 mmol/L (135 mEq/L), with severe hyponatremia being below 120 mEq/L. Our adrenal glands also need appropriate sleep, rest, and exercise to produce sufficient hormones to balance the electrolyte levels. What does it mean to have low blood sodium? Learn which foods to eat and what to avoid. Sodium is an electrolyte, and it helps regulate the amount of water that's in and around your cells.In hyponatremia, one or more factors — ranging from an underlying medical condition to drinking too much water — cause the sodium in your body to become diluted. It occurs when a person doesn’t get enough water, either because of limited access to water or an impaired thirst mechanism. Since sodium also plays a role in muscle contraction, critically low sodium levels can also cause muscle weakness, cramps or spasms. Function of Sodium. The […] An eight-ounce glass of the popular V8 brand may contain up to 500 milligrams of sodium, so be mindful of your daily intake. 10 Ways to Control Blood Sugar without Medication, Low Sodium in Blood (Hyponatremia): Definition, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment, http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hyponatremia/basics/treatment/con-20031445, http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/drinks-increase-sodium-intake-10730.html, http://www.healthline.com/health/hyponatremia#1, https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000394.htm, http://www.livestrong.com/article/409207-is-v8-juice-good-for-you/. It’s important for proper muscle and nerve function. Symptoms include lethargy, confusion, and fatigue. The buildup of water will quickly lower sodium blood levels. People who suffer from SIADH produce excess amounts of the antidiuretic hormone (ADH). Very high blood sugar levels. Hyponatremia treatment starts with increasing sodium levels in the blood as determined by the cause. It occurs when water and sodium are out of balance. If they drop very quickly, your symptoms may be more severe. Hypernatremia is rare. Treatment. Here’s our process. Hyponatremia causes can be linked to direct and indirect factors. Last medically reviewed on December 17, 2020. Severe symptoms include confusion, seizures, and coma. We'll…. Hyponatremia is a condition characterized by low levels of sodium in the blood. Based on your symptoms, the physical examination, and details of your medical history, you may be required to undergo a series of tests. A blood test can help your doctor check for low sodium levels. SIADH leads the body to produce the antidiuretic hormone, also known as vasopressin, in excess. While many of us are trying to reduce the amount of sodium we ingest, there are some people who need to boost their intake. syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone, 6 Little-Known Dangers of Restricting Sodium Too Much, 13 Foods That Are Good for High Blood Pressure, Raise Low Blood Pressure Naturally Through Diet, drinking too much water during exercise (this is very rare). Visit your healthcare provider immediately if you’ve experienced any of the above symptoms and suspect that you have low sodium levels. Drugs like corticosteroids, laxatives, bicarbonate, and diuretics may also.Health conditions affecting … This tests the amounts of electrolytes and minerals in your blood. Sodium deficiency in cases of normal fluid volume are most often caused by adrenal insufficiency, hypothyroidism, or drinking too much beer or water. These drinks are also helpful if you lose a lot of fluids through vomiting or diarrhea. 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