In indigenous societies, initiation rituals are performed. According to an older biomedical concept, the miasma theory of disease, poisonous emanations from rotting vegetation or carcasses were believed to cause disease. Payment is generally expected for services rendered. Healers must use supernatural means to learn the cause and to help cure illness. Ancis, Julie R. “Culture-Bound Syndromes.” In Encyclopedia of Multicultural Psychology, edited by Yo Jackson, p. 130-132. reconstruct ancient languages and study linguistic variation through time. Training from seasoned healing specialists is a key component for all those who wish to become healing specialist whether in the form of apprenticeship with a shaman to formal training in a medical school. In recent years, Western medical practitioners are beginning to use anthropological data to better understand their multicultural patients’ responses to “modern” health care practices. Watch the recordings here on Youtube! Legal. 2. Western medicine is an example of which kind of disease theory? Emotionalistic disease theory: Illness is due to a negative emotional experience. In most cases, the candidate must show some aptitude. In contrast, illness is a feeling of not being normal and healthy. In other health systems community healing or humoral healing are common. Medical Anthropology. O’Neil, Dennis. Western biomedicine attributes it to incomplete suppressed anger or projection of anger into the body. They often suffer from echolalia when they compulsively repeat what others say, or echopraxia when they mimic the actions of others. Emotionalistic disease theories assume that emotional experiences cause illness All societies have health care systems, which... consists of belief, customs, specialists, and techniques aimed at ensuring health and diagnosing and curing illnesses. It goes beyond examination of health systems to look at such things as the impact of globalization on the health system as well as cultural concepts of the body and disability and the use of plants and animals within the health system. Boston: Prentice Hall, 2011. 2, edited by H. James Birx, p. 925-935. “Anorexia.” In The Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology, edited by Bonnie Strickland, p. 37-38. After World War II, negative stigmas on alcohol abuse and alcoholism began to shift with the formation of Alcoholics Anonymous or AA, a group focused on healing addicts instead of shunning and punishing them. Have questions or comments? The cross-cultural study of specific causal explanations for health-related problems is called ethno-etiology. Medical anthropology is the research area within cultural anthropology that marries concepts from biological and cultural anthropology to better understand health and disease among humans. The community healing approach considers social context critical for the healing process. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Reference, 2010. What constitutes an emotionalistic 'disease theory' illness. Cultural Anthropology, 6th edition. Coolness causes death in some Chinese, Indian, and Islamic cultures while in others such as the Orang Asli in Malaysia heat is the culprit. Glazier, Stephen D. and Mary J. Hallin. Personalistic disease theory: Illness is due to the action of an agent such as a witch, sorcerer, or supernatural entity, e.g., ancestor spirit or ghost. question. Khovsgol Province, Mongolia. Ethno-etiological studies of migraines demonstrate that in the Bahia area of Brazil, certain types of winds are the causal explanation of migraines. “Anorexia.” In The Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology, edited by Bonnie Strickland, p. 37-38. Emotionalistic disease theory. A. Naturalistic B. Biomedical C. Emotionalistic D. Tribal E. Personalistic. Early ethnomedicine studies focused on the health systems of indigenous peoples across the globe. “Culture-Bound Syndromes: Hwa-Byung.” In Encyclopedia of Multicultural Psychology, edited by Yo Jackson, p. 137-138. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Reference, 2006. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 2006. Gaines, Atwood D. “Ethnomedicine.” In Encyclopedia of Anthropology, Vol. “Examples of Culture-Bound Syndromes.” Kimberly Martin, PhD. “Migraines and Headaches.” WebMd. Humans, Homo sapiens, are a special case in the discussion of evolution. DeWalt, Kathleen Musante. These small organisms, too small to see without magnification, invade humans, other animals, and other living hosts. Witiko is a culture-bound syndrome found among indigenous peoples of Canada. Training can be arduous both physically and mentally no matter the type of training. 2, edited by H. James Birx, p. 925-935. Glazier, Stephen D. and Mary J. Hallin. It goes beyond examination of health systems to look at such things as the impact of globalization on the health system as well as cultural concepts of the body and disability and the use of plants and animals within the health system. Supernatural Disease Theory. If a person is anxious or frightened, this could cause an illness called “susto” by the Latin Americans (Kottak, p.61). Socially inappropriate behaviors are common with this syndrome, including touching or hitting others, saying sexually explicit things, and singing out loud (Legerski 2006). Several theories were advanced from time to time to explain disease causation such as the supernatural theory of disease, the theory of humors by Greeks and Indians, the theory of contagion, the miasmatic theory which attributed disease to noxious air and vapours, the theory of spontaneous generation, etc. Training from seasoned healing specialists is a key component for all those who wish to become a healing specialist whether in the form of an apprenticeship with a shaman to formal training in a medical school. It is an eating disorder characterized by self-starvation. By the mid-1800s, controversy still raged as to whether miasma or a waterborne pathogen was the cause for cholera. Health systems include cultural perceptions and classification of health-related issues, healing practices, diagnosis, prevention, and healers (Miller 2011). Park, Young-Joo. Experts have debated the disease theory of addiction against the idea that perpetuating substance abuse is a choice for years. The witiko spirit, which is a giant human-eating monster, eventually possesses the inflicted individual causing the person to acts of cannibalism and homicide. Witiko is a culture-bound syndrome found among indigenous peoples of Canada. For many Latin Americans, anxiety or fright may cause lethargy and distraction, an illness called susto. Hwa-byung, meaning fire disease, occurs in Korea. The term means ‘to engage furiously in battle.’ Symptoms include wild, aggressive behavior. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Reference, 2010. ex. Tooth decay, measles, or a broken bone are examples. Foster, George M. and Barbara G. Anderson. For decades, anthropologists have been studying the interaction of cultural values and norms on health-related issues. 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