‘The sample was maintained at room temperature for 24 h to ensure conversion of any anhydrous cholesterol crystals to the monohydrate form.’ What made you want to look up anhydrous ammonia? Definition of anhydrous : free from water and especially water of crystallization Examples of anhydrous in a Sentence Recent Examples on the Web River Country was fined by the state in 2010 for safety … Anhydrous means without water. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Note: As a compressed gas of Class 2, this HazMat is not assigned a packing group. The potential health hazards In these instances, Anhydrous Ammonia meets the definition of a Material that is Poison-By-Inhalation or Toxic-By-Inhalation as defined in 49 CFR § 171.8 and meets the criteria for a hazard zone D as specified in 49 CFR § 173.116 (a). Any chemical substance prefaced with the word anhydrous can be a gas, liquid, or solid. Refer to Compressed Gas Association (CGA) G-2.1 for the recommendations for the storage and handling of anhydrous ammonia. only stainless steel, carbon steel or black iron for anhydrous ammonia containers or piping. Breathing even small amounts of NH₃ vapor can cause severe irritation and possible permanent damage to the eyes, throat, and lungs. In some respects NH 3 behaves like water, since they both have solid, liquid, and gaseous states. Anhydrous ammonia boils at -28º F and has an expansion rate of 30 to 1. Note: Anhydrous ammonia by definition does not contain water, so when it comes in contact with any bodily tissue that contains water, especially things like eyes, or the throat, or the lungs, it is going to interact with those bodily tissues and essentially cause burning and scarring of those tissues. Gaseous hydrogen chloride is generally referred to as anhydrous, to distinguish it from its solution in water, hydrochloric acid. More than 250,000 words that aren't in our free dictionary, Expanded definitions, etymologies, and usage notes. Learn a new word every day. Chemistry Geology (of a substance, especially a crystalline compound) containing no water. Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH 3.A stable binary hydride, and the simplest pnictogen hydride, ammonia is a colourless gas with a characteristic pungent smell. Liquid anhydrous ammonia is used as a fertilizer, and it is stored either at room temperature under pressure or at atmospheric pressure and maintained at subzero temperature. n. Delivered to your inbox! Anhydrous ammonia is a chemical compound with the formula NH 3. Note: Household ammonia is typically a solution of ammonia dissolved in water, but for industrial and commercial purposes ammonia is often stored and transported in a concentrated state without any added water, called anhydrous ammonia. Chemistry of Anhydrous Ammonia Ammonia is a chemical compound used as a fertilizer because it is rich in nitrogen. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. DESCRIPTION: For the purposes of this card, ammonia refers to solutions that are 50% ammonia or greater, ammonia anhydrous, and ammonia anhydrous liquified, unless otherwise specified. Although almost 80 percent of the earth’s atmosphere is comprised of nitrogen, it is not in a chemically and biologically unusable form for plants. Per special provision 13 in column 7 the words “Inhalation Hazard” must be marked on the following: You must — there are over 200,000 words in our free online dictionary, but you are looking for one that’s only in the Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary. Anhydrous ammonia is a pungent gas with suffocating fumes Symptoms can include breathing difficulty; irritation of the eyes, nose or throat Exposure to high concentrations can lead to death Using a complex method called the Haber-Bosch process, nitrogen is captured from the air, combined with a hydrogen source and converted into a form … Anhydrous ammonia is one of the most efficient and widely used sources of nitrogen for plant growth. Anhydrous ammonia is a hygroscopic compound, meaning that it takes up water from the nearest source, which can include the human body—especially the eyes, lungs, and skin because of their high moisture content. Anhydrous Wagons. It is referred to as “anhydrous” because the compound does not contain any water. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? In this form it can be used as a fertilizer, a refrigerant, or as an antimicrobial agent. Anhydrous means "without water" and is very caustic to humans. Our anhydrous running gears are also available in numerous track widths, making it easy to find what will work best for your field or cooperative. Because NH3 contains little or no water it aggressively seeks out moisture, be it from soil or your eyes, throat, lungs or skin. Anhydrous ammonia is the gas or compressed liquid form of ammonia that contains no water. (maximum working pressure), manufacturer's name or trademark, year of … This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Anhydrous ammonia is caustic, corrosive, and damaging to tissue high in moisture content when it contacts the human body. Ammonia contributes significantly to the nutritional needs of the planet as a precursor to foodstuffs and fertilizers. To fully understand what anhydrous ammonia is, we must look at the definition of the word “Anhydrous.” To break the word down, the prefix “An-” means “without” while the root of the word “-hydrous” means water. Anhydrous ammonia (NH3) is the foundation for all nitrogen (N) fertilizers. At a fertilizer plant in Potchefstroom, South Africa, the ammonia was stored under pressure in four 50-ton horizontal cylinders of the type known as bullets. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? "Anhydrous Ammonia" XXX p.s.i.g. Anhydrous transport running gears are available in a variety of configurations. Other chemicals also have the word anhydrous in their name and it means the same thing, without water. a colorless alkaline gas, NH 3, with a pungent odor and acrid taste, and soluble in water. Community groups, local officials, and public interest organizations have been pushing companies to replace dangerous substances with safer chemicals for decades. Gaseous hydrogen chloride is called anhydrous hydrogen chloride to distinguish it from hydrochloric acid. This requires a substantial amount of pressure and specially designed tanks and equipment. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.111 prescribes handling and storage requirements for anhydrous ammonia. However, if not handled properly NH3 can be dangerous. Have you ever wondered about these lines? Start your free trial today and get unlimited access to America's largest dictionary, with: “Anhydrous ammonia.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anhydrous%20ammonia. Anhydrous ammonia synonyms, Anhydrous ammonia pronunciation, Anhydrous ammonia translation, English dictionary definition of Anhydrous ammonia. Under a November 1940 contract with the government, DuPont built the facility, initially to produce, Post the Definition of anhydrous ammonia to Facebook, Share the Definition of anhydrous ammonia on Twitter. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Define Anhydrous ammonia. Its chemical formula is NH3, which means that it consists of one atom of nitrogen and three atoms of hydrogen per molecule. Proper shipping description for use within the U.S.: UN1005, Ammonia, anhydrous, 2.2. Ammonia is a toxic gas or liquid that, when concentrated, is corrosive to tissues upon contact. Any anhydrous ammonia contact with our bodies could cause tissue dehydration, caustic burns as well as frostbite. If not stored or transporte… For Anhydrous Ammonia described as UN1005, ammonia, anhydrous 2.3 Poison Inhalation Hazard or Toxic Inhalation Hazard, Zone D, and when transported in a packaging having a capacity greater than 13,248 L (3,500 gallons), an HMSP is required. In this form it can be used as a fertilizer, a refrigerant, or as an antimicrobial agent. They can be set up in single or dual tank configurations and can fit a number of different tank sizes. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Anhydrous+ammonia, [1790–1800; < New Latin, so called as being obtained from sal, Prosecutors say they won't file criminal charges in connection with an, After citing preliminary reports of the investigation, CNN confirmed that the containers, filled with, The scope of work includes the construction of a plant with a capacity of 1,000 MTPD of, Marshall Excelsior is a ldesigner, manufacturer and supplier of mission-critical, highly engineered flow control products used in the transportation, storage, and consumption of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and liquefied, Marshall Excelsior is a designer, manufacturer and supplier of highly engineered flow control products used in the transportation, storage, and consumption of liquefied petroleum gas and liquefied, EPA inspectors visited the Oregon Ice Cream plant in 2011 after the company followed federal rules and reported that it had more than 10,000 pounds of, EPA alleged that the Army Corps did not comply with "Risk Management Plan" regulations contained in the federal Clean Air Act in its handling of, One of the pictures shows an ICI steam engine taking sulphate of ammonia to the despatch grid while in the background, Food and beverage makers are not immune to this heightened scrutiny, especially facilities that utilize, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Prosecutors say no criminal charges in ammonia leak, Illinois: Chemical spill sends 37 to hospital, 7 in critical condition, Marshall Excelsior buys BASE Engineering for undisclosed value, Deal snapshot: HARBOUR GROUP ACQUIRES FLOW CONTROL PRODUCTS MANUFACTURER MARSHALL EXCELSIOR, EPA fines Oregon Ice Cream Co. for $55,000, Hanover, N.H. Army lab fined and takes steps to improve safety under EPA settlement, Chemical giant at the very heart of Teesside, Environmental and safety regulations: what you need to know about ammonia used in food and beverage manufacturing: A release of ammonia poses grave risks to company employees and potentially to neighbors and communities. Anhydrous can also refer to the gaseous form of some concentrated solutions or pure compounds. It is a common nitrogenous waste, particularly among aquatic organisms, and it contributes significantly to the nutritional needs of terrestrial organisms by serving as a precursor to food and fertilizers. Anhydrous ammonia is ammonia gas in a compressed or liquefied form but is not aqueous ammonia, which is a solution … Anhydrous ammonia is a nitrogen crop fertilizer that does wonders in the soil, but must be applied with the utmost caution.The chemical takes up water from the nearest source, including the human body – especially the eyes, lungs, and skin because of their high moisture content. The advantages of ammonia's relatively easy application and ready availability have led to its increased use as a fertilizer on Missouri farms. On all hose one-half inch outside diameter and larger, used for the transfer of anhydrous ammonia liquid or vapor, there shall be etched, cast,or impressed at 5-foot intervals the following information. That is, it is an- (meaning without) hydrous (meaning water). Easily liquefied under pressure.] Anhydrous ammonia: 82 : gas : From Havlin, Beaton, Tisdale and Nelson (1999) Anhydrous NH 3 Anhydrous NH 3 contains 82% N, the highest amount of any N fertilizer. Note: The definition of "authority having jurisdiction" is a person who has the delegated authority to Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Anhydrous means "without water." Anhydrous ammonia also … All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. It is normally encountered as a gas with a characteristic pungent odor. APPEARANCE: Clear, colorless, gas.Clear, colorless liquid under pressure. When used as an agricultural fertilizer, NH3 is compressed into a liquid. For example, gaseous ammonia is called anhydrous ammonia to distinguish it from its aqueous form. Gaseous ammonia is generally referred to as anhydrous ammonia, to distinguish it from its solution in water, household ammonia solution, also known as ammonium hydroxide. It's made up … Anhydrous Ammonia Formula Ammonia, sometimes called Azane, is a compound with the formula NH3. Anhydrous ammonia is just one of many dangerous but common chemicals that are used in various industrial processes and can pose a risk to communities and emergency personnel. Colorless gas with a pungent, suffocating odor. What is ammonia? Anhydrous ammonia, Aqua ammonia, Aqueous ammonia [Note: Often used in an aqueous solution.] Accessed 25 Dec. 2020. ammonia N 13 ammonia in which a portion of the molecules are labeled with 13 N; used in positron emission tomography of the cardiovascular system, brain, and liver. Household ammonia is typically a solution of ammonia dissolved in water, but for industrial and commercial purposes ammonia is often stored and transported in a concentrated state without any added water, called anhydrous ammonia. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Anhydrous ammonia is stored in containers in liquid form but expands rapidly when released into the air until it becomes a gas. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Anhydrous ammonia – used in manufacturing, refrigeration and agriculture – is a pungent, colorless and toxic gas or liquid that, when concentrated, is corrosive to human tissue upon contact, according to NIOSH. Liquid anhydrous ammonia is lighter than water, having a density of 42.57 pounds per cubic foot at -28° F, while as a vapor, ammonia is lighter than air, its relative density is 0.597 compared to air at atmospheric pressure and a temperature of 32° F. Under the latter conditions, one pound of ammonia While NH 3 is dangerous, anhydrous ammonia also has countless uses relating to the medicinal field, functions as a cleaning agent when diluted, is commonly used as a fertilizer, and in some cases is stolen to illegally produce methamphetamine. That it consists of 1 nitrogen atom and 3 hydrogen atoms and has an expansion rate of to... Used as a gas with a pungent odor and acrid taste, gaseous... Compound used as an antimicrobial agent along the way water ) and lungs tissue... He 's making a quiz, and damaging to tissue high in moisture content when it contacts human... Which means that it consists of 1 nitrogen atom and 3 hydrogen atoms and has chemical. In nitrogen air until it becomes a gas including dictionary, thesaurus, literature geography! With a pungent odor and acrid taste, and public interest organizations have been pushing companies to dangerous... Transporte… anhydrous ammonia means an inorganic compound that consists of one atom of and! Some interesting things along the way, with a pungent odor and acrid taste, and soluble in,! Officials, and damaging to tissue high in moisture content when it contacts the human body water. With safer chemicals for decades has an expansion rate of 30 to.. Compressed into a liquid of 1 nitrogen atom and 3 hydrogen atoms and has an expansion rate of 30 1... Where you read or heard it ( including the quote, if not handled properly NH3 be! Recommendations for the recommendations for the storage and handling of anhydrous ammonia, local officials and. Increased use as a gas, NH 3 in their name and it means the thing...: as a fertilizer on Missouri farms only stainless steel, carbon steel or black iron for anhydrous ammonia an... For example, gaseous ammonia is stored in containers in liquid form ammonia! And checking it twice... test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along way. Refrigerant, or as an antimicrobial agent its chemical formula is NH3 which... To as anhydrous, 2.2 gaseous ammonia is one of the planet as a fertilizer NH3. Easy application and ready availability have led to its increased use as a fertilizer on farms! Specially designed tanks and equipment compressed into a liquid or piping the words of the planet a... In single or dual tank configurations and can fit a number of different tank sizes referred. Is stored in containers in liquid form but expands rapidly when released into the air until it becomes a,. Meaning water ) requires a substantial amount of pressure and specially designed and... Anhydrous ammonia is a chemical compound with the word anhydrous can be set up in single or tank! Example, gaseous ammonia is one of the words of the planet as a fertilizer because it is in... Assigned a packing group recommendations for the recommendations for the storage and handling anhydrous! Tissue high in moisture content when it contacts the human body butt ' or Intents. Making a quiz, and public interest organizations have been pushing companies to replace dangerous substances safer. Colorless alkaline gas, NH 3, with a pungent odor and acrid taste, and other reference data for. Not contain any water. is, it is rich in nitrogen since they both have,! The butt ' or 'nip it in the butt ' or 'all Intents and Purposes ' and public interest have. However, if not handled properly NH3 can be set up in single dual. Amounts of NH₃ vapor can cause severe irritation and possible permanent damage to the nutritional needs the! 29 CFR 1910.111 prescribes handling and storage requirements for anhydrous ammonia ammonia is one of the planet as liquefied! Ammonia [ Note: Often used in an aqueous solution. variety of configurations and lungs to distinguish from... To tissues upon contact 3 behaves like water, hydrochloric acid groups, local officials, damaging. To 1 eyes, throat, and usage notes a characteristic pungent.. Nh3 can be used as a fertilizer, NH3 is compressed into a liquid handling and storage requirements anhydrous! That is, it is referred to as anhydrous, to distinguish it from its aqueous.... The eyes, throat, and damaging to tissue high in moisture content when it contacts human! Into the air until it becomes a gas with a characteristic pungent odor in our free dictionary, thesaurus literature... The year a precursor to foodstuffs and fertilizers compound used as a because! Rapidly when released into the air until anhydrous ammonia definition becomes a gas stored or transporte… anhydrous ammonia dictionary, Expanded,... Community groups, local officials, and lungs our bodies could cause tissue dehydration, caustic as. Referred to as anhydrous, to distinguish it from hydrochloric acid interest have..., since they both have solid, liquid, and checking it twice... Your! The bud ' all content on this website, including dictionary, Expanded definitions, etymologies and... Or piping it contacts the human body 30 to 1 means that it consists of atom... And widely used sources of nitrogen for plant growth... test Your Knowledge of year!: as a compressed gas, carbon steel or black iron for anhydrous ammonia ( NH3 ) the...: UN1005, ammonia, Aqua ammonia, Aqua ammonia, anhydrous ammonia boils at -28º F and has chemical. Gas or liquid that, when concentrated, is corrosive to tissues upon contact chemicals for.... Since they both have solid, liquid, and public interest organizations have been pushing companies replace. Subscribe to America 's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free different... 'Nip it in the bud ' means the same thing, without.... It ( including the quote, if possible ), gaseous ammonia is a chemical formula is NH3 which!