And the breeders can expect fertility and broodiness to arrive late in the spring. It is the Black Sumatra that was embraced by the poultry fancy; with its long, flowing, low tail, beetle green sheen, gypsy-colored face (purple to black), black shanks with yellow soles, and its multiple spurs – often having three spurs on each leg. In 1847, Sumatra Chickens were exported from Sumatra to the United States and Europe for cockfighting. Sumatra chicken is a very beautiful breed and has very attractive plumage. the fight here is without knife spurs. The Sumatra chicken was first imported into the United States in April 1847 by J.A.C. There is another American gamefowl recognized variety that has Spanish and Sumatra chicken breed strains. 1:20. Many color varieties available. Their striking, distinctive carriage sets them apart: Their tails are held low, and in the male particularly is abundant and sweeping, like the tail of a pheasant. very brutal. 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You can place your order and we will ship them to you as soon as possible. Hens go broody readily and are known to be good mothers. History and Origin of Sumatra Chickens The breed of chicken originated from Sumatra Island. Article from featherwarriorgamefarm.blogspot.com. If you love watching chicken fight competition then you should keep the breed and it will forever make you great. Sumatra chickens originated in the Indonesian islands, where many of them still roam wild. Black, Blue, Splash, White etc. Yet, these chickens are stunning. Sumatra chicken is very active, alert and one of the best fliers. We at Purely Poultry are proponents of raising oriental gamefowl for the backyard flock for legal purposes only and want to see these chickens prosper for future generations to enjoy. It was admitted in 1883 to the Standard of Perfection of the American Poultry Association. $24.95. The Sumatra is a breed of chicken native of the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. It’s a easily handled breed. Historically, the island residents captured the males at the beginning of breeding season and used them to fight, releasing them after the season was over. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. It’s one of those very old strains, admitted to the American Standard of Perfection. They have been known variously as "Sumatran Pheasants" or "Java Pheasant Game Birds," even though they are most definitely chickens! In 1885, Nelson A. Log into your account. The cocks from the breed are greater fighters and a lot of people loved them especially during the fighting competition. In this series of chicken breeds, you will learn more information about the history and origin of Sumatra breed, physical characteristics and … It is one of the very old breeds, admitted into the American Standard of Perfection. Sumatra chickens tend to reproduce very seasonally, the males vying for territory and breeding rights a few months of the year and living together in relative harmony outside of breeding season. It has a personality closer to that of a wild game bird than a domestic chicken. Historically, the island residents captured the males at the beginning of breeding season and used them to fight, releasing them after the season was over. It is one of the very old breeds, admitted into the American Standard of Perfection. In the wild, Sumatra chickens were found in a few color varieties, including black breasted red, though black was predominant. Sumatra Breed Overview The Black Sumatra fowl is a native of Sumatra and as far as is known, they are as pure blooded today as when first introduced into America from Angers Point Sumatra in 1847. Sumatra chicken breed is listed in the Critical category of the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy’s Conservation Priority List. Although, today other color varieties also available with different color. Believed to be closely related to the jungle fowl, the Sumatra tends to have a personality which is more similar to wild game birds than domestic chickens. Sumatra chicken require large space and they can’t do well in confinement. Chicken. The Sumatra chicken was originally imported from the Indonesian Isles of Sumatra in 1847 to the United States and Europe as fighting roosters for the purpose of cockfighting. One wonders if some of the rarer color varieties of Sumatra played a role in the creation or development of those other breeds. The Sumatra is a rare and ornamental Heritage breed of chicken — originally from the island of Sumatra in southeast Asia. In fact, Sumatra chickens were once known as the "Sumatran Pheasant" and the "Java Pheasant Game." Today, this breed of birds is bred and maintained throughout the world. Plus tard, les Hollandais, qui sont les éleveurs les plus célèbres au monde, ont créé une réplique miniature de poulets de Sumatra. In 1883, the Black Sumatra was accepted into the American Standard of Perfection. Butters, from Massachusetts. The breed is noted for behaving very pheasant like – moving in a stately manner and preferring to explore around bushes and other areas offering good cover. For example; White and Blue. Most of the game chicken breeders today use them for ornaments and exhibitions. The Sumatra has a personality closer to that … Black is the only color admitted into the standard but other colors are available. Originally bred to be a fighting chicken in Southeast Asia, it was admitted into the American Standard of Perfection in the late 1800s. The Sumatra’s type, size, and flowing plumage is similar to both the Yokohama chicken and the Cubalaya chicken. 1883 is the year the BBC Sumatra was first inducted into the American Standard of Perfection. Many people do not know about Sumatra chickens. Both chicks and adults are very hardy. Butters of Roxbury, Mass., is responsible for bringing the Sumatra to the United States in April 1847 as a fighting breed. The roosters have lustrous greenish black feathers and a graceful carriage. This chicken used to be sold for fighting, but now are mostly sold for exhibition. - Carol Ekarius Sumatra hens lay an abundant number of white, or lightly tinted, eggs and are considered excellent winter layers. The Sumatra chicken was first imported into the United States in 1847. And it was used for fighting in some areas where cockfighting was not illegal. Subscribe ROY'S FARM newsletter for news, updates and receiving notifications of new posts by email. But the hens are good winter layers. This chicken is a jungle fowl type bird that originated on the Isle of Sumatra. The breed is probably the result of cross between feral Kampong chickens and a variety of wild fowl, which is extinct today. But it does not really suit this breed as the roosters tend to only show aggression around breeding time. At this time they came under various names Sumatra Pheasant game, Sumatra Ebon Game and Java Pheasant Game. Sumatra Chicken Breeds were originally bred as a fighting chicken, with males having 3 spurs on each leg, but they are not strictly bred for exhibition purposes. The Sumatra chicken was recognized by the American Poultry Association (APA) and was admitted as a standard breed in 1883 in the Black variety. Today the Sumatra chicken’s seasonal aspect is still very much a part of the breed. the fight could last half or an hour. Sometimes called “Sumatran Pheasants” or “Javan Pheasant Game Birds,” these chickens are said to Cocks weigh 2.25–2.70 kilograms, and hens about 1.80 kg. It was admitted to the American Poultry Association’s Standard of Perfection. Now the Sumatra chicken is mainly kept as an ornamental breed. They have small earlobes of gypsy color. It is an ornamental chicken breed and mainly raised for exhibition purpose. your password In 1847, Sumatra chickens were imported to the United States of America and other European countries for the purpose of entertainment. Their legs and toes are black and their skin color is yellow. Nelson A. The breed came to Germany in 1882 and, there, was at first called Black Yokohama. Hens are poor layers with yearly totals of eggs amounting to about 100 white creamy eggs a year, and are exceptionally susceptible to broodiness. Sumatra chicken is native breed of the Sumatra Island . Sumatra hens are not good egg layers. Browse more videos. Guide to Poultry Breeds The sport of fighting is now illegal but now many people raise these chickens for exhibition, to preserve genetic treasures, or for their backyard amusement. Sumatra chickens are active and alert and are especially good at launching themselves vertically to escape dangers. The black Sumatra chickens break the look of a typical chicken. For additional details about this chicken breed, contact Cackle Hatchery® today! The gamefowl are highly recognized by both the American Poultry Association and the American Game Fowl Society. your own Pins on Pinterest Males often even sport multiple spurs on each leg. And the bantam roosters weight about 0.735 kg and hens about 0.625 kg. It is also rumored that Sumatra chickens sometimes flew between the islands of Sumatra and Java. Wood of the Smithsonian Institute in Washington D.C., began with the breed in 1885 and is given much credit for refining the Sumatra chicken to enhance its flowing feathers and for increasing its productivity. Sumatra chickens have a personality more like a wild game bird than a chicken. Playing next. There was very little human interference when it came to the making of this breed, and they are a rather wild bird. Although some breeders want to use them in fights and this is due to the fighting character that is one of the main characteristics of this species. Sumatras are primarily an ornamental breed kept for their attractive plumage. Although the roosters fight for dominance, but they usually don’t fight to the death. The seasonal aspect of the Sumatra chicken is still very much a part of the breed today, and one can expect fertility and broodiness to arrive late in the spring. The Sumatra Chicken Breed has broad shoulders and a long back that narrows towards the tail. Photo from Wikipedia (Blue Sumatra, a rarer color than the standard Black). Sumatra chickens tend to reproduce very seasonally, the males vying for territory and breeding rights a few months of the year and living together in relative harmony outside of breeding season. These chickens made their debut into the United States in April of 1847, introduced by J.A.C. There are a few colors of the Sumatra but on the black variety has been embraced. It is a distinctive fowl which look less like domestic poultry than other chickens. Review full breed profile of Sumatra chicken below. They are great jumpers also. Report. Sumatra chicken lives more in tune with the seasons, breeding and fighting for dominance in the early spring, just like birds in the wild do. Today the breed also comes in Blue and in Dun varieties. Storey's Illustrated Roosters are usually not aggressive towards others, but they can be aggressive only toward members of their own breed during the breeding season. Sumatra chickens have a small bright red colored pea comb. But Black is the only variety recognized by the American Poultry Association. Sumatra hens are poor layers with yearly totals of almost 100 white eggs, and are exceptionally susceptible to broodiness. The Black Sumatra is a rare and beautiful Asian long tail chicken with rich lustrous beetle green plumage. Learn how your comment data is processed. Both adults and chicks are very hardy and easy to raise. The White variety has standard white plumage and the blue variety has standard blue plumage. the rooster that won was the last one standing. Butters of Roxybury, MA. Bot… And it’s extremely rare today. your username. Most often they are a lustrous black with a green sheen throughout the body and tail. Later, the Dutch, who are the world's most famous breeders, created a miniature replica of chickens from Sumatra. Standard Sumatra roosters weight about 2.25 – 2.70 kg, and hens about 1.80 kg. Enlarge. There were subsequent importations by other in 1850-52. They lay some medium sized white eggs. Origins of the Game Fowl. This black chiken name is Black Sumatra Chicken, come from on of the biggest island in Indonesia, which is Sumatra. Mar 26, 2017 - This Pin was discovered by D. Discover (and save!) In 1847, the fighting chickens of Sumatra were brought into the United States, where they almost immediately became popular in the society of poultry farmers. They are also among the best of mothers and broodies. The Sumatra chicken was originally imported from the Indonesian Isles of Sumatra in 1847 to the United States and Europe as fighting roosters for the purpose of cockfighting. En 1847, les poulets de combat de Sumatra ont été importés aux États-Unis, où ils sont presque immédiatement devenus populaires dans la société des éleveurs de volaille. It originally was inported from Sumatra for cockfighting, but is now exclusively an ornamental fowl. They are also among the best broodies and best protective mothers. The Sumatra chicken still has “wild” like characteristics and they may not get along with other domesticated chickens. Sumatra Chicken. Solok area, West Sumatra. Chicken Breed Information - Sumatra - Sumatras are an exceedingly rare breed of chicken with a personality closer to that of a wild game bird than a domestic chicken: they are thought to be closely related to the jungle fowl of the Far East. The roosters have long sweeping tail, with an abundance of long sweeping sickles and coverts, carried horizontally. The breed is considered a primitive one; as they are very active, good foragers and rooster will fight strongly for dominance, though they usually don’t fight to death. Sumatra chicken is great fighters and they are great breeds for fighting competitions. Historically, the residents of Indonesian Island used to catch Sumatra roosters during the beginning of breeding season, use them in combat and release them once their seasonal aggression declined. History: The Sumatra chicken breed originated in the Indonesian Isles of Sumatra, Java and Borneo. the fight here requires a rooster who has strong stamina and steel guts. The Sumatra chicken is distinctive and beautiful, with long flowing curves, abundant feathering, and a rich green sheen. The breed was first used and promoted as a fighting cock. fighting roosters are reared with a very special system. You will find both black Sumatra hens and black Sumatra roosters with iridescent tones along the feather’s ends. Sumatra schwarz, Lipsia-Schau Leipzig 2013, Sumatra chicken. But Sumatra chickens were favored for use in crossbreeding to produce fighting offspring  - crossing well with Hyderabad, Rampur Boalia Black, or Sinhalese Game. Traditionally in the Orient they had been used for such, seasonally, when no other game breed was at hand. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. It’s but one of those strains. a fighter can be deadly and the fights take a long time. Today Sumatras are mostly kept for show and exhibition. The Sumatra chicken was originally imported in the Indonesian Isles of Sumatra in 1847 to the United States and Europe as fighting roosters for the purpose of cockfighting. . Sumatra Chicken is a bird that is used mainly as ornamental and so show this species in exhibitions. The Sumatra chicken was originally imported in the Indonesian Islands of Sumatra from 1847 into the United States of America and Europe as fighting roosters for the purpose of cockfighting. J.A.C. The breed comes in red black, blue and white varieties, as well as the unstandardised splash - a natural result of breeding blue chickens. Sumatra Chicken Black has long and flowing tail feathers. The Sumatra Chicken originated on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. It was first admitted into the American Poultry Association’s Standard of Perfection in 1883. Chicken Breeds. Originally from the Isles of Sumatra, Java, and Borneo in Indonesia, the breed developed through living wild and being shaped by its environment. Welcome! They go brooding for long periods just like silkie, shamo, Ancona chickens, Iowa blue … Two thousand years ago the Red Jungle Fowl, possibly from China or Indo China, possibly through the silk road, reached the ports of Rome, Egypt and Greece. The breed appears “royal” in nature, belying its feral heritage. The Sumatra chicken was recognized by the American Poultry Association (APA) and the black variety was admitted as a standard breed in 1883. And like the wild birds that they basically are, they don’t behave like your standard chicken. It’s the possible result of a cross between feral Kampong chickens and a now extinct variety of wild fowl. Their wattles are very small and almost non-existent. We recommend you also read: What Everybody Ought to Know About American Rabbit … Pay close attention to how they interact with other breeds. The Sumatra chicken was first promoted as a fighting breed – something for which the breed was not truly well-suited. 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