First series, one of 38 imported by "Dangerous Dave" Cumberland. It was used by mountain artillery regiments of the Royal Artillery and the Indian Artillery, and saw much service on the North West Frontier of India between the wars. The 3.7-inch howitzer was first introduced in 1917, and was used in action in that year in the Mesopotamian Campaign (modern Iraq area). During World War II, the weapon equipped artillery units engaged in the North African Campaign (Tunisia), the Italian Campaign and Burma Campaign, and it was also used in the Netherlands and Ruhr fighting in 1944-45 by units originally destined for mountain warfare in Greece. Czech houfnice is derived, through the addition of the suffix -nice, from the word houf, "crowd", suggesting the cannon's use against massed enemies, and houf is in turn a borrowing from the Middle High German word Hūfe or Houfe (modern German Haufen), meaning "heap," akin to Dutch hoop as in verloren hoop ("lost troop," entering English through a fol… Later marks had pneumatic tyres and could be towed by any light vehicle, such as the Bren Carrier or jeep. 1932 . MHE5.jpg 800 × 600; 144 KB. The howitzer has a split trail, the first British weapon to do so, which allows firing at very high angles (a useful feature in mountainous terrain). The two models made during the 1830s were short lived but the third time was a charm with the final product: The Model 1841 Mountain Howitzer. RBA003 Bourbon Artillery Howitzer 12cm (Mountain gun) RBA004 Bourbon Artillery 6pdr (Field gun) RBA002 Bourbon Artillerymen Pointing gun. Although its 4.62 bore could handle the same 12-pounder ammunition as a regular 12-pounder gun, a mountain howitzer weighed less than the barrel alone of a larger 12-pounder field gun. During the American Civil War (1861-1865), there were several prominent artillery pieces in play and one of these was the Model 1841 12-pounder mountain gun howitzer. In the latter theatre, on occasion the gun was dismantled and manually hauled up to the upper floors of buildings to provide close support in urban fighting. $42.00 $ 42. Several were supplied to the French Army after 1945; one is on display at the Vietnam Army Museum in Hanoi while another is displayed at the Zone 5 Military Museum, Danang. There are less then twenty of these that occasionally change hands! However, financial constraints delayed production of the 3.7-inch weapon until 1915. Model 1861 6-Pounder Wiard Rifle. The process of removing the howitzer from a position and reloading it onto the gun mules involved much more lifting and securing loads than deploying it, but could be accomplished in three minutes in favourable conditions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Mountain artillery, which includes pack howitzers, … Chinese Bofors 75mm.jpg 680 × 535; 186 KB. 34. In particular, the shell weight was seen as too light and the gun lacked any recoil absorber or recuperator, meaning the gun had to be relaid after every shell was fired. The QF 2.95in Mountain Gun was the first British mountain gun to use a hydraulic buffer, and was ordered in small numbers by the British Army, the Egyptian Army, the West African Frontier Force and the US Army. Towed Mountain Howitzer. Model 1937 (ML-20) 152mm Towed Field Howtizer / Field Gun. Continue Scrolling to See Additional Entries. However, financial constraints delayed production of the 3.7-inch weapon until 1915. Die M777 ist eine gezogene Haubitze aus britischer Produktion mit einem Kaliber von 155 mm. A lightened version was used briefly by airborne formations. The British Indian Army first requested a modern mountain gun in 1906 to replace the BL 10 pounder Mountain Gun, which had been hastily developed after Second Boer War, but itself had several shortcomings. Gun Drill for 3.7-inch Q.F. When it was first introduced, the howitzer had two wooden wheels and was light enough be towed by two horses. (pictures to follow), Outside the Military Police Brigade HQ at Camp Cropper Iraq. (As a stop-gap, the barrel of the 10 pounder gun was mounted on an updated carriage to produce the 2.75 inch Mountain Gun. 32. [2] They appear to have re-equipped from the 10 pounder mountain gun to the 3.7-inch howitzer while in East Africa, and first used the new weapon in action in an attack on German positions at Medo, 11 April 1918.[3]. The U.S. began producing Howitzers in the 1830s. It was used by mountain artillery regiments of the Royal Artillery and the Indian Artillery, and saw much service on the North West Frontier of India between the wars. In particular, the shell weight was seen as too light and the gun lacked any recoil absorber or recuperator, meaning the gun had to be relaid after every shell was fired. Gun, Mk II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=QF_3.7-inch_mountain_howitzer&oldid=992421579, World War I artillery of the United Kingdom, World War II artillery of the United Kingdom, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from November 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Example at GEM Homes, Johannesburg South Africa, to be restored shortly (pictures to follow), Example at Lenz Military Base, Johannesburg, South Africa, to be restored soon. Mark says: October 24, 2011 at 4:29 pm. Japanese artillery regiments were equipped with 75mm field guns, 105mm field howitzers and 150mm heavy howitzers. Reply. Only thirteen of the model M1835 mountain howitzer barrels were cast and of these, it is believed only one still exists today. During the war the gun, and its ammunition, were also manufactured in other Commonwealth Countries, including South Africa, by the ISCOR (The Iron and Steel Corporation of South Africa), and India. Single digit serial number. The Mountain Howitzer also was a favorite in the Mexican War where it could be deployed from roof tops in street fighting. The key difference is that the maximum elevation angle for a Gun is 45 degrees, whereas for a Howitzer it is greater than that, typically around 70 degrees, this enables upper-register fire, ie the trajectory goes a lot higher, which is important in mountainous terrain. The heaviest single section is the interrupted screw breech, which weighs 247 pounds (112 kg). 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