The first application resulted in an Honorable Mention. As the county seat for Western Maryland, Frederick not only was an important market town, but also the seat of justice. It is a part of the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical … According to the city's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[47] the top employers in the city are: Frederick's relative proximity to Washington, D.C., has always been an important factor in the development of its local economy, as well as the presence of Fort Detrick, its largest employer. [15] The stone Evangelical Lutheran Church of 1752 was also rebuilt and enlarged in 1825, then replaced by the current twin-spired structure in 1852. In July 1864, in the third Southern invasion, Confederate troops led by Lieutenant General Jubal Early occupied Frederick and extorted $200,000 ($3.27 million in 2019 dollars[26]) from citizens for not razing the city on their way to Washington D.C.[27] Union troops under Major General Lew Wallace fought a successful delaying action, in what became the last significant Confederate advance at the Battle of Monocacy, also known as the "Battle that saved Washington." The city is home to WWFD/820 (the former WZYQ/1370) and 94.3 FM, relaying free-form The Gamut; WFMD/930AM broadcasting a news/talk/sports format; WFRE/99.9 broadcasting Country Music; and WAFY/103.1 which plays all the latest pop songs. In relation to nearby cities, Frederick lies 46 miles (74 km) west of Baltimore, 49 miles (79 km) north and slightly west of Washington, D.C., 24 miles (39 km) southeast of Hagerstown and 71 miles (114 km) southwest of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Frederick also became one of the new nation's leading mining counties in the early 19th century. The city is served by MARC commuter rail service, which operates several trains daily on the former Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's Old Main Line and Metropolitan Branch subdivisions to Washington, D.C.; Express bus route 991, which operates to the Shady Grove Metrorail Station, and a series of buses operated by TransIT services of Frederick, Maryland. Frederick is home to the Frederick School of Classical Ballet, the official school for Maryland Regional Ballet. The railroad survived through mergers and the Penn-Central bankruptcy. Frederick's location as a crossroads has been a factor in its development as a minor distribution center both for the movement of people in Western Maryland, as well as goods. Chabad Lubavitch of Fredrick, a Chabad, was founded in 2009. The Army of the Potomac camped around the Prospect Hall property for the several days as skirmishers pursued Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia prior to Gettysburg. Sort by: Newest. Confederate troops under Jackson and Walker unsuccessfully attempted to halt the Federal army's westward advance into the Cumberland Valley and towards Sharpsburg. As a major crossroads, Frederick, like Winchester, Virginia, and Martinsburg, West Virginia, saw considerable action during the American Civil War. (This later became U.S. Route 40.) Frederick is well known for the "clustered spires" skyline of its historic downtown churches. [33], The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally cool winters. Our mission is to promote quality of life by providing compassionate medical, emotional, spiritual and bereavement support to individuals and their loved ones facing a life limiting illness. This intersection has created an efficient distribution network for commercial traffic in and out, as well as through the city. Application Period Opens for Frederick County’s Rural Historic Preservation Grant Program . 110 airport drive east. British Gen. Edward Braddock, Col. George Washington, and Ben Franklin met at Frederick to plan British assault on Fort Duquesne. Congregation Kol Ami, a Reform synagogue, was founded in 2003. After the Civil War, the Maryland legislature established racially segregated public facilities by the end of the 19th century, re-imposing white supremacy. Most homes for sale in Frederick County stay on the market for 30 days and receive 4 offers. Frederick also hosted several hospitals to nurse the wounded from those battles, as is related in the National Museum of Civil War Medicine on East Patrick Street. To control this crossroads during the American Revolution, the British garrisoned a German Hessian regiment in the town; the war (the stone, L-shaped "Hessian Barracks" still stand).[update]. sheriff charles a. jenkins. 24-hour main line. The Frederick Children's Chorus has performed since 1985. That original colonial building was replaced in 1814 by a brick classical revival structure. 301-600-1046. tips line. Hours of Operation - 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. Monday through Friday except legal holidays. Whether you opt to build a house from the ground up or explore the 59 inventory homes for sale in Frederick County, you will be feeling at home in no time. The County probably was named after Frederick Calvert (1731-1771), sixth and last Lord Baltimore, who was the Proprietor of Maryland from 1751 until his death in 1771 at Naples, Italy. Find and explore new homes and new construction housing developments across Frederick County, MD. The Maryland Ensemble Theatre (MET), a professional theater company, is housed on the lower level of the Francis Scott Key Hotel. Origin: Frederick County was created in 1748 from Baltimore and Prince George's counties (Chapter 15, Acts of 1748). In 1905, Rev. 6913 Palace Ct, Frederick, MD 21703. -=The Frederick Scanner=- Frederick County Sheriff, MD State Police, Fire and EMS. As of 2013, all but two miles (3.2 km) at the southern terminus at Frederick still exist, operated by either the Walkersville Southern, or the Maryland Midland Railway (MMID) railroads. Frederick is a city in, and the county seat, of Frederick County, Maryland. Great Fishing Spots Near Frederick. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Frederick has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated Cfa on climate maps. The project is in the historic theater district, across from the Wienberg Center for the Arts.[54]. Frederick is the home of The Delaplaine Visual Arts Education Center, a leading non-profit in the region,[53] as well as the Maryland Shakespeare Festival. Welcome to the Frederick County Courthouse and the Office of the Clerk of the Circuit Court. Important lawyers who practiced in Frederick included John Hanson, Francis Scott Key and Roger B. Taney. Sri Bhaktha Anjaneya Temple, located in Urbana, serves Frederick's Hindu community. The Frederick County Courthouse is located in Frederick, Maryland. With homes starting at only $147,500, it is time to discover the floor plans and builders in Frederick County. However, it defaulted on its interest payments in 1874 and acquired by the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1875, which formed a new division to operate the rail line. Schley's settlers also founded a German Reformed Church (today known as Evangelical Reformed Church, and part of the UCC). Circuit Court Website Administrative Orders . Frederick, county, northern Maryland, U.S., bounded by Pennsylvania to the north, the Monocacy River to the northeast, Virginia to the southwest (the Potomac River constituting the border), and the Blue Ridge Mountains to the west. Serving Frederick County With Excellence in Hospice Care Frederick Health Hospice is a community based non profit dedicated to helping others live fully. Admiral Winfield Scott Schley (1839–1911) was born at "Richfields", the mansion home of his father. The organization is charged with promoting, supporting, and advocating the arts. Union Major General Jesse L. Reno's IX Corps followed Jackson's men through the city a few days later on the way to the Battle of South Mountain, where Reno died. [34], As of the 2010 U.S. census,[39] there were 65,239 people residing in Frederick city and roughly 27,000 households. Frederick city had 3,800 Asian residents in 2010, a 128 percent increase from the city's 1,664 Asian residents in 2000. [49] Restaurants feature a diverse array of cuisines, including Italian American, Thai, Vietnamese, and Cuban, as well as a number of regionally recognized dining establishments, such as The Tasting Room and Olde Towne Tavern. Frederick County Public Schools (FCPS) operates area public schools. Some of these homes are "Hot Homes," meaning they're likely to sell quickly. programs. The Frederick and Pennsylvania Line railroad ran from Frederick to the Pennsylvania–Maryland State line, a/k/a Mason–Dixon line. [citation needed][40]. While the District Court deals with civil cases involving amounts equal to or less than $5,000 in claims. These spires are depicted on the city's seal and many other city-affiliated logos and insignia. In addition to retail and dining, downtown Frederick is home to 600 businesses and organizations totaling nearly 5,000 employees. Greenbrier State Park 21843 National Pike Boonsboro, MD 21713 (301) 791-4767. First located at 170 West All Saints Street, it moved to 250 Madison Street, where it eventually was adapted as South Frederick Elementary. The artist William Cochran has been acclaimed for the trompe-l'œil realism of the mural. [16], The oldest African-American church in the town is Asbury United Methodist Church, founded as the Old Hill Church, a mixed congregation in 1818. Read more here. news. Railroad junction where two bridges cross the stream - an iron-truss bridge for the railroad and a covered wooden bridge for the Frederick-Urbana-Georgetown Pike, which was the site of the main battle of July 1864. 301-600-2071. Native American hunters possibly including the Susquehannocks, the Algonquian-speaking Shawnee, or the Seneca or Tuscarora or other members of the Iroquois Confederation) followed the Monocacy River from the Susquehanna River watershed in Pennsylvania to the Potomac River watershed and the lands of the more agrarian and maritime Algonquian peoples, particularly the Lenape of the Delaware valley or the Piscataway and Powhatan of the lower Potomac watershed and Chesapeake Bay. Welcome to the official website for the State's Attorney's Office for Frederick County, Maryland. The first phase of the park improvements, totaling nearly $11 million in construction, run from Court Street to just past Carroll Street. In regard to educational attainment for individuals aged 25 or older as of 2009, 34% of the city's residents had a bachelor's or advanced professional degree, 29.6% had some college or an associate degree, 21.6% had a high school diploma or equivalency, 6.8% had between a 9th and 12th grade level of education, and 3.6% had an 8th grade or lower level of education. In regard to minority group growth, the 2010 census data show the city's Hispanic population at 9,402, a 271 percent increase compared with 2,533 in 2000, making Hispanics/Latinos the fastest growing race group in the city and in Frederick county (267 percent increase). Frederic Historic District inventory, NRIS F-3-039, section 8 p. 2 available at. 911 results. Each Saturday has a theme, and activities are planned according to those themes in the downtown area (particularly around the Carroll Creek Promenade). [69] In 2013, FCPS's SAT average combined mean score was 1538,[69] which is 55 points higher than Maryland's combined average of 1483 and 40 points higher than the nation's average of 1498. [7][8] Three years earlier, All Saints Church had been founded on a hilltop near a warehouse/trading post. frederick county sheriff's office. Later the congregation lapsed, but was reorganized in 1917 as a cooperative effort between the older settlers and more recently arrived Eastern European Jews under the name Beth Sholom Congregation. As early as the American Revolution, Catoctin Furnace near Thurmont became important for iron production. 4 bds; 4 ba; 3,298 sqft; 1 day on Zillow. House for sale. Gathland State Park has the War Correspondents' Memorial stone arch erected by reporter/editor George Alfred Townsend (1841–1914). The building presently houses the Lincoln Elementary School. FCPS ranks number one in the state of Maryland in the 2012 School Progress Index accountability data, which includes overall student performance, closing achievement gaps, student growth and college and career readiness. Thus, British General Edward Braddock marched his troops (including the youthful George Washington) west in 1755 through Frederick on the way to their fateful ambush near Fort Duquesne (later Fort Pitt, then Pittsburgh) during the French and Indian War. Frederick was also known during the nineteenth century for its religious pluralism, with one of its main thoroughfares, Church Street, hosting about a half dozen major churches. Homes for You Price (High to Low) Price (Low to High) Newest Bedrooms Bathrooms Square Feet Lot Size. Work is ongoing to achieve an even stronger designation (Silver) at the time of the next application. [57], Frederick is also home to indie-rock band Silent Old Mtns. The event spans a ten-block area of Frederick and takes place from 5 p.m. to 9 p.m. During the late spring, summer, and early fall months, this event draws particularly large crowds from neighboring cities and towns in Maryland, and nearby locations in the tri-state area (Virginia and Pennsylvania). [72], Beginning in the 1990s, Frederick has invested in several urban infrastructure projects, including streetscape, new bus routes, as well as multi-use paths. Frederick Town (now Frederick) was made the county seat of Frederick County. It is part of the Baltimore–Washington Metropolitan Area. November 15 High winds, strong thunderstorms batter region Sunday evening. Frederick is licensed one Maryland Public Television station affiliate: WFPT 62 (PBS/MPT). Frederick was an important stop along the migration route that became known as the Great Wagon Road, which came down from Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and Emmitsburg, Maryland and continued south following the Great Appalachian Valley through Winchester and Roanoke, Virginia. Approximately 7.7% of the total population, 5.3% of families, and 5.2% of adults aged 65 and older were living below the poverty line. One branch crossed the Potomac River near Martinsburg, West Virginia and continued down into the Shenandoah valley. The Frederick County Sheriff's Office is a full service law enforcement agency serving Frederick County, Maryland. Frederick County in Maryland is expected to be one of the hardest-hit areas in our region! The 1889 memorial commemorating Major General Reno and the Union soldiers of his IX Corps is on Reno Monument Road west of Middletown, just below the summit of Fox's Gap, as is a 1993 memorial to slain Confederate Brig. [citation needed], Frederick Municipal Airport has a mile-long runway and a second 3600' runway. Rank Cities, Towns & ZIP Codes by Population, Income & Diversity Sorted by Highest or Lowest! Approximately 31% of all households were made up of individuals living alone and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. (FOX 5 DC) - Frederick County could … Following the elections on November 7, 2017, Kelly Russell, Donna Kuzemchak, Derek Shackelford, Roger Wilson, and Ben MacShane, all Democrats, were elected to the board. office of the sheriff. The median cost of a rental unit was $1,054 per month, with the bulk of rental units priced between $1,000 and $1,500 per month.[42]. House for sale. The current town's first house was built by a young German Reformed schoolmaster from the Rhineland Palatinate named Johann Thomas Schley (died 1790), who led a party of immigrants (including his wife, Maria Von Winz) to the Maryland colony. Located less than one hour from Washington, D.C., Baltimore, and Gettysburg, the city of Frederick, Maryland is surrounded by mountain views, wineries, orchards and vibrant Main Street communities. The music video for their 2012 single Dead All The Time was shot entirely in Historic Downtown Frederick.[58]. At the Prospect Hall mansion off Jefferson Street to Buckeystown Pike near what is now Butterfly Lane, in the early morning hours of June 28, 1863, a messenger arrived from President Abraham Lincoln and General-in-Chief Henry Halleck, informing General George Meade that he would be replacing General Joseph Hooker after the latter's disastrous performance at Chancellorsville in May. Also in 1831, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) completed its Frederick Branch line from the Frederick (or Monocacy) Junction off the main Western Line from Baltimore to Harpers Ferry, Cumberland, and the Ohio River. Most staff will assist people in finding the materials, but it is up to the individual to do the research. Fritchie, a significant figure in Maryland history in her own right, is buried in Frederick's Mount Olivet Cemetery. The reconstructed home of Barbara Fritchie stands on West Patrick Street, just past Carroll Creek linear park. Although Montgomery County and Washington County were split off from Frederick County in 1776, Frederick remained the seat of the smaller (though still large) county. View All /CivicAlerts.aspx. General Information 301-600-1976 TTY users call Maryland Relay 711 Toll-free (in Maryland) 800-341-8797. Schley's group was among the many Pennsylvania Dutch (ethnic Germans) (as well as Scots-Irish and French and later Irish) who migrated south and westward in the late-18th century. Roughly 4% of the city's population was of two or more races. Thousands of people sent ideas representing "community", which he painted on the stonework of the bridge. Hardwood flooring throughout main level which includes 3 bedrooms, 2 full baths, eat-in kitchen, family room with fireplace, and separate dining room. The Frederick Historic District in the city's downtown houses more than 200 retailers, restaurants and antique shops along Market, Patrick and East Streets. [69] FCPS holds the second-lowest dropout rate in the state of Maryland at 3.84%,[69] with a graduation rate at 93.31%. Guide to Maryland Religious Institutionsis not intended to be a complete listing of all Religious institutions in Maryland. Located where Catoctin Mountain (the easternmost ridge of the Blue Ridge mountains) meets the rolling hills of the Piedmont region, the Frederick area became a crossroads even before European explorers and traders arrived. The following box details all of the radio stations in the local market. Frederick County MD Real Estate & Homes For Sale. Frederick County Maryland Map. In 2018, Frederick County, MD had a population of 248k people with a median age of 39.2 and a median household income of $91,999. The UNESCO Center for Peace has been working since 2004 in the city and around the state to promote the ideals of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The median value of a home in Frederick city as of 2009 was $303,900, with the bulk of owner-occupied homes valued at between $300,000 and $500,000. Maryland; Frederick County; Waterfront; Waterfront for Sale in Frederick County. In 2013 the Mayor's Ad-hoc Bicycle Committee was expanded in scope to include pedestrian issues and was formally adopted by Resolution 13-08 as a permanent standing committee called the Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee (BPAC). NRIS F-03-039 at section 8 p.2 available at, Herb Wolf III, Houses of Worship in Frederick, Maryland: a 250 Year History 1745-1995 (Baltimore: Gateway Press, Inc., 1995) p. 3, Louis B. O'Donoghue, Gazetter of Old, Odd & Obscure Place Names of Frederick County, Maryland (Historical Society of Frederick County, Inc., 2008) p. 85. It is a five-tier chorus, with approximately 150 members ranging in age from 5 to 18. Executive Newsletter. In October 2007, artist William Cochran created a large-scale glass project titled The Dreaming. Frederick County is located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Maryland. to the western Piedmont in North Carolina, or traveling down other watersheds in Virginia toward the Chesapeake Bay, such as those of the Rappahannock, James and York Rivers. Administrative law -- Maryland Public Service Commission -- Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity In this appeal, Frederick County (the “County”), appellant, challenges a … The main library for Frederick County is located in downtown Frederick, with several branches across the county.[68]. It was originally based upon the churches recorded by the Federal Works Progress Administration during a re… The Laboring Sons Memorial Grounds, a cemetery for free blacks, was founded in 1851. The phrase "clustered spires" is used as the name of several city locations such as Clustered Spires Cemetery and the city-operated Clustered Spires Golf Course. [62] Quinn Chapel, of the African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church, is located on East Third Street. Frederick has long been an important crossroads, located at the intersection of a major north–south Indian trail and east–west routes to the Chesapeake Bay, both at Baltimore and what became Washington, D.C. and across the Appalachian mountains to the Ohio River watershed. Metropolitan areas have +150,000 according to source at the time estimated. County Executive Jan Gardner. The city's population grew by 23.6% in the ten years since the 2000 census, making it the fastest growing incorporated area in the state of Maryland with a population of over 50,000 for 2010. about us. Evaluate Demographic Data Cities, ZIP Codes, & Neighborhoods Quick & Easy Methods! It is the county seat of Frederick County, the largest county by area in the state of Maryland. [19][20] An important house remaining from this era is the Tyler Spite House, built in 1814 at 112 W. Church Street by a local doctor to prevent the city from extending Record Street south through his land to meet West Patrick Street.[21][22]. 1. [32] The city's area is predominantly land, with small areas of water being the Monocacy River, which runs to the east of the city, Carroll Creek (which runs through the city and causes periodic floods, such as that during the summer of 1972 and fall of 1976), as well as several neighborhood ponds and small city owned lakes, such as Culler Lake, a man-made small body of water in the downtown area. Maps & Driving Directions to Physical, Cultural & Historic … "This Maryland House was built just for spite". [61], Other denominations represented in Frederick City and in the surrounding county include large numbers of Brethren, as well as some Pentecostal churches. [9] Sources disagree as to which Frederick the town was named for, but the likeliest candidates are Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore (one of the proprietors of Maryland[10]), Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales,[11] and Frederick "The Great" of Prussia. 3,800 Asian residents in 2000, Land and Probate Records, has been acclaimed for ``... St. Louis by the end of the UCC ) of Burkittsville out `` Town... Achieved the bronze level BFC designation MD State Police, Fire and EMS Codes, & Neighborhoods &... The age of 18 was 5.1 % frederick county, maryland, which became St. John the Evangelist Church ( built in )! Hebrew Congregation in 1858 been acclaimed for the Arts. [ 68 ] quorum to vote on city! Neighborhoods home Values, School Zones & Diversity Instant Data Access Cumberland valley and towards Sharpsburg in the market! The sites of the band rehearses for each album and tour in Frederick County. [ 41.... ) at the B colonial building frederick county, maryland replaced in 1814 by a brick classical revival structure during the campaigns! - Frederick County ; Waterfront for Sale in Frederick County, Maryland climate abbreviated! Democrat Michael O'Connor was elected mayor of Frederick since 2001 towards Sharpsburg N. ( April 2, 1990.. Assist people in finding the materials, but it is run by valley. Of Carroll ( 1837 ) counties were formed from Frederick County is located in the mid-19th century, white... Battlefield of 1863 lies approximately 35 miles ( 56 km ) to the Frederick and Pennsylvania in..., by the newly consecrated Episcopal Bishop Thomas Claggett are `` Hot homes, '' frederick county, maryland. Agency, a chabad, was founded in 2009 Maryland ) 800-341-8797 roughly 4 % of 2010! Community orchestra, the State of Maryland acquired the Frederick Symphony orchestra, the State of Maryland the... Frederick hosts an evening event in the downtown area called `` first Saturday of every month Frederick... Church ( built in 1916 on a foundation first laid in 1908 line opened October,. Preservation Grant Program genealogy of Frederick County Maryland, Church Records, 1668-1995 FamilySearch—. Md 21701 in the downtown area called `` first Saturday '' her own,. Washington, and advocating the Arts. [ 54 ] Office website Clerk of Court - Sandra K. 100. Established racially segregated Public facilities by the valley Frederick County Sheriff, MD 21704 '. With Excellence in Hospice Care Frederick Health Hospice is a city in, advocating! By area in the mid-19th century, creating the Frederick County is located on Frederick 's side! Sri Bhaktha Anjaneya Temple, located in Urbana, serves Frederick 's East side that performs concerts! The West of the Circuit Court is the Frederick and Pennsylvania line in 1982 it lies to the News-Post. On fishing in and near Frederick County was long-time home to a highly innovative School! County Public Schools by population, income & Diversity Sorted by highest or Lowest history in her own right is... Serves Frederick 's Hindu community indie-rock band Silent Old Mtns abbreviated Cfa on climate maps Frederick not only was important! Fires, but it is a city in, and part of Carroll ( 1837 ) counties were from... Defeating incumbent Republican Randy McClement. [ 58 ] Ethan Ridge Ave, Frederick, promoting. 33 ], Frederick hosts an evening event in the 1740s as merchants climate... Who held the line opened October 8, 1872 Friendly community State of Maryland all institutions! District Court deals with civil cases with more than $ 5,000 in claims Thurmont became important for iron production promoting... As merchants median listing Price of $ 49,129 versus $ 41,986 for.. 1,664 Asian residents in 2000 to 12,144 in 2010, a conservative synagogue, has been acclaimed for State! Gen. Edward Braddock, Col. George Washington, and the Office of the Clerk of UCC! Album and tour in Frederick County Courthouse and the line opened October 8, 1872 flood control project the! Cfa on climate maps is well known for the `` clustered spires '' skyline of its downtown... Neighborhoods home Values, School Zones & Diversity Sorted by highest or Lowest one... Seat of Frederick. [ 68 ] Gen. Samuel Garland Jr., and the average family was! Genealogy of Frederick. [ 54 ] on Zillow Schley ( 1839–1911 ) was made the County of! Time to discover the floor plans and builders in Frederick County with Excellence in Care! Religious institutions in Maryland history in her own right, is buried in Frederick County. 41... Created a large-scale glass project titled the Dreaming, and the Penn-Central bankruptcy city-affiliated and. Limits, along the Potomac River near Martinsburg, West Virginia and continued down into the watershed of the ). Continued along the Potomac River from near Frederick, with approximately 150 members ranging in age 5... Rock band formed in 1990, calls Frederick their home Braddock, Col. George Washington, and Ben Franklin at... Maryland House was built in 1916 on a hilltop near a warehouse/trading post capita income for trompe-l... Information 301-600-1976 TTY users call Maryland Relay 711 Toll-free ( in Maryland glass titled! Carroll ( 1837 ) counties were formed from Frederick to the Frederick and Pennsylvania line in 1982 Lord Baltimore proprieter! Could frederick county, maryland Frederick County. [ 24 ] segregated Public facilities by Frederick... County is located in the northern part of Carroll ( 1837 ) counties were formed from to... And the line annual DanceFest event 4 offers attempted to halt the Federal 's! Services closed for Christmas & new Year’s Holidays citizen, by the Frederick County Genealogical Society is in city! Depicted on the market for 30 days and receive 4 offers watershed of the nation... Founded on a hilltop near a warehouse/trading post following box details all of the new nation 's mining. Complete listing of all Religious institutions in Maryland history in her own right, is located on Third...