They are dark green above and a much paler green below. It is the fastest-growing native tree in Missouri, reaching 50 feet in height and 8 inches in diameter in as little as 6 years under good conditions. Populus deltoides is a large tree growing to 20–60 m (65–195 ft) tall and with a trunk up to 2.8 m (9 ft 2 in) diameter, one of the largest North American hardwood trees. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, becoming dark gray and deeply fissured on old trees. Other common names: cottonwood, eastern cottonwood, necklace poplar, eastern poplar. Twigs: The twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Leaf buds are large, 1-inch long, reddish green and pointed. No stratification period is needed. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest and Chicago region. Trees with multiple trunks are excluded. Yellowish twigs, coarsely toothed leaves and gummy end buds distinguish this from the other poplars. Roots are shallow-rotted and can invade septic and sewer systems. C-Value: 2 Siouxland Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides 'Siouxland'):  A male cultivar (produces no seeds or 'cotton'); fast-growing (2 to 3 feet per year); resistant to rust; oval form, yellow fall color. Crown is oblong-shaped and 75 feet wide Eastern cottonwood has thick bark which prevents damage of the inner, delicate wood. Simply cut 8-12 inch cuttings from last years growth during late winter, store in plastic bags in a freezer until spring, and plant in the spring with only the top bud exposed. Eastern cottonwood leaves are 2-8 inches in size with crenate margins and 2-3 small, but conspicuous glands at the apex of the leaf stalks (Figure 27). They have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall. Leaves are simple, opposite, large, and oval (almost heartshaped). Plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. It also thrives in floodplains and dry riverbeds, where infrequent rains transform dry land into waterways. Susceptible to a wide range of diseases including dieback, cankers, leaf spots, rusts and powdery mildew. It can reach more than 100 feet in height (up to 190 feet) and 6 feet in width (trunk). In various parts of its range, eastern cottonwood is subjected to temperatures as high as 46° C (115° F) and as low as -45° C (-50° F). The flowers of cottonwood are dioecious (separate male and female plants), and occur in early spring before the leaves emerge. Our trees. Populus deltoides Bartr. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Cottonwood trees do not live long, however, becoming old at 75 years, and exceptionally old at age 125. Copyright © 2020 Iowa State University of Science and Technology. American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. use escape to move to top level menu parent. These large trees can grow to between 50 and 80 ft. (15 – 24 m). ex Marsh., eastern cottonwood, is a fast-growing tree which reaches 80 to l00 feet in height and 3 to 4 feet in diameter. Eastern Cottonwood Fruit, Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. It is not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet in height each year. Well suited along streams, riverbanks, swamps and in lowland, rain gardens and rural areas. Eastern Cottonwood Leaf - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. Cottonwood is an easy tree to regenerate cuttings. You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. Fruit is a dangling cluster of dehiscent capsules in May and June (on female trees only). Best Dining in Cottonwood Heights, Utah: See 574 Tripadvisor traveler reviews of 31 Cottonwood Heights restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. Notes: Cottonwood grows best on moist, welldrained, fine sandy loams or silt loams. Cottonwood trees are species of poplar trees belonging to the genus Populus. With a lifespan of around 100 years, an average cottonwood tree can easily grow to more than 100 feet in height. Leaves are green in summer, turning yellow or brown in fall. Ames, IA 50011, Iowa State University | PoliciesState & National Extension Partners. It’s a cherished shade tree, often planted in parks. The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in width. It is one of the tallest trees east of the Rocky Mountains and commonly reaches heights over 80+ feet and diameters over 5 feet at breast height in the Upper Mississippi River region. This tree is also an excellent specimen for … Read on for more cottonwood tree facts. Eastern cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, … Cottonwood trees are also large shade trees and their sprawling branches have a spread of up to 113 ft. (34 m). The seed of cottonwood requires a moist, bare mineral soil for successful germination and growth. Location Sheridan, KS This plant has some cultivated varieties. The female trees can be messy, producing large quantities of seeds with white ‘fluff’ attached. Use enter to activate. For most shade or windbreak uses, select a male selection to avoid the cotton problem during seed production. A towering native, a cottonwood tree soars and spreads, growing more than 100 feet tall and almost as wide. View listing photos, review sales history, and use our detailed real estate filters to find the perfect place. Climate. Soil / Climate: Grows in most soils provided with adequate moisture and sunlight. The wood of cottonwood is light, soft, and pale in color without distinctive grain. deltoides. Native Range Populus deltoides, or Cottonwood, the official Kansas state tree, occurs throughout Kansas. Trees are tolerant of drought and air pollution. The bark of young trees is thin, smooth and light gray-green in color; on older trees, the bark becomes thick and deeply furrowed with long, ash-gray ridges. Occurs in moist lowlands near streams and rivers. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest and Chicago region. The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in width. Winter twigs are moderate in diameter, gray or gray-green in color with a star-shaped pith. A question posed by most gardeners is about the rate of growth of a cottonwood tree. The fruit is a capsule containing many tufted seeds providing a "cottony" mass near the parent tree. Growth Rate Is a fast growing tree that can grow as much as 8 feet a year with adequate moisture. It is a relatively short-lived tree, seldom surviving for more than 80 years. Eastern Cottonwood is a large, fast growing species native to North America. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. On December 24th our Public Skate session is FULL! Insect include borers, aphids, caterpillars and scale. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa. Eastern cottonwood is a medium-sized tree that reaches heights of 50’to 100’ in height. More information about the Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides).Girth records In this table of girth records worldwide only girth measurements made at a height between 1.30 m and 1.50 m are listed. The tree can have a trunk diameter of 6 feet, while the canopy can extend to more than 75 feet wide. Produces suckers and aggressive roots. The eastern cottonwood is without a doubt, one of the largest hardwood trees found in North America. As a shade tree or landscape plant, cottonwood is not used extensively because it is not an extremely sturdy and durable tree. Mature trees produce an ash- gray, blocky, thick bark with deep furrows and ridges. Female flowers are yellow. Transplant easily, prefers wet soils in full sun, soil pH adaptable. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Native to Iowa, cottonwoods grow naturally near water. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa. Fast growing in ideal situations. Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. Eastern Cottonwood Twig, Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Agriculture and Natural Resources Extension, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, ISU Extension and Outreach They were planted as a ‘tree claim’ to land given from the US goverment about 120 years ago. Hardiness: Zones 2 through 9 The ends of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Mature Shape: Develops an open, spreading crown. The average height ranges from 80 to 100 feet and 3 to 4 feet in diameter. Minnesota's champion tree cottonwood measures a whopping 10-ft diameter at breast height. Cottonwood is characterized by having alternate simple leaves, 3-5 inches long, triangular in shape, with coarse, curved teeth and a flattened petiole. The following menu has 3 levels. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. The Eastern Cottonwood is both a fast growing and a short-lived tree. Other massive 5 to 6-ft driver bottom specimens are not uncommon. 339 Science II Drought tolerant,  Each seed produces a bit of fluff to aid in wind dispersal. eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides ssp. Average January temperatures vary from -10° C (14° F) to 8° C (46° F). It is not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet in height each year. The north-south distribution extends from latitude 28 N. to 46 N. Leaves: Alternate, simple, single toothed, triangle shaped. Flowers are unremarkable; both are long catkins. Extending well up to southern Canada and northeast Mexico, the eastern cottonwood is an enormous tree that features a minimum height of 65 feet and a trunk that is at least 5 meters wide. Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. Eastern cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Our future. Eastern Cottonwood. in the USA is located in Nebraska: Circumference: 444 inches, (37 ft.) Height: 93 feet, Spread: 103 feet, Points: 563, Most Recent Measurement: 2003 The Biggest Tree in the USA is the California, Giant Sequoia, with 1,321 points according to The National Register of Big Trees You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Can become ragged and irregular with age. Seed Stratification: Seeds disperse in the spring and immediately germinate. The Largest Eastern Cottonwood . In the wild, cottonwood grows along rivers, ponds and other bodies of water. Common Cottonwood, Cottontree, Cottonwood, Eastern Poplar, Necklace Poplar, River Poplar, Southern Cottonwood, Water Poplar, Whitewood, and Yellow Cottonwood. Leaves: Leaves are simple, alternate, and deciduous. Please call 801-943-3190 ex 0 to pre register for any other sessions! Eastern cottonwoods are dioecious, meaning trees are either male or female. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest region. Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. Site Requirements: Cottonwoods are tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions. Native to eastern North America through the Midwest and the Chicago Region, growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Building the urban forest for 2050. The Cottonwood Heights Parks and Recreation Service Area is committed to providing high quality parks, recreation facilities and programs for the citizens of the Cottonwood Heights, Utah community. Noteworthy Characteristics Populus deltoides, commonly called eastern cottonwood, is a large, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows 50-80’ (less frequently to 120’) tall with a broad, open-rounded shaped habit. Go to list of cultivars. The blades are triangular in shape, two to six inches in length, and have twenty to twenty-five rounded teeth per side along the margin. monilifera) is absent in the Midwest (with the possible exception of far western Iowa and Missouri); it is a subspecies of eastern cottonwood that has leaves with 10—30 teeth, and only 1—2 glands where the leaf-stem meets the twig. Its primary uses have included pallet lumber, boxes and crates, hidden furniture parts, and more recently for dimension lumber. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Secondary Names: Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A large tree to 100 feet tall and a stout trunk to 6 feet or more in diameter, with thick, heavy branches that form a rounded, spreading crown. If you want to achieve quick shade in a large open space, Eastern Cottonwood is a fine choice. Its preferred environment for rapid growth is the moist, well drained bottomland soils, but it will grow and do moderately well on a wide variety of sites from droughty uplands, to moderately wet soils. The fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America, Eastern cottonwood also is one of the tallest trees of eastern forests, reaching heights close to 200 feet and diameters of 4 to 6 feet. deltoides), State: KS. 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