Farlex Trivia Dictionary. Another word for sediment. This page was last changed on 3 October 2020, at 16:13. After deposition, sediments may stay in their new place a long time and be covered by newer sediments. The word sediment is also used for material transported by wind or water, and deposited on the surface. Delivered to your inbox! clay, silt and sand), decomposing organic substances and inorganic biogenic material are also considered sediment 1. These sediments have several origins: Compaction and cementation are explained in the next two pages. What made you want to look up sediment? A sediment cell is a largely self-contained stretch of coastline. Besides, the decay and decomposition of marine organisms (both plants and animals) also con­tribute sediments to ocean deposits. They are often determined by the topography and shape of the coastline which directs the movement of the sediment within the cell. lithification - The process of compaction of sediment into stone. This transported material is called sediment. Sediments can be defined as fragments of organic or inorganic material that have been broken down. A _____ is a flat, triangular-shaped land formed when a river carries and deposits sediment at its mouth. Learn more. Most erosion is performed by liquid water, wind, or ice (usually in the form of a glacier).If the wind is dusty, or water or glacial ice is muddy, erosion is taking place. 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When the sediment is deposited from the water it is known as silt. Definition of SEDIMENT in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of SEDIMENT. “Sediment.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/sediment. Sediment is made of small particles deposited in water or on land. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Longshore drift This is the net lateral transport of material along the coastline when waves approach the coast at an angle. Find more ways to say sediment, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Sedimentary rocks are often … chemical precipitates, which are materials that get left behind after the water evaporates from a solution. Pressure may slowly transform sediment into sedimentary rocks. If the rock layers are horizontal, small overhangs of more resistant rock form in the cliff face. After deposition, sediments may stay in their new place a long time and be covered by newer sediments. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Send us feedback. Rock that has formed through the deposition and solidification of sediment, especially sediment transported by water (rivers, lakes, and oceans), ice (glaciers), and wind. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Sediments are often eroded again and deposited in a new place. Sediments may include: fragments of other rocks that often have been worn down into small pieces, such as sand, silt, or clay. Lithification is how soft sediments, the end product of erosion, become rigid rock ("lithi-" means rock in scientific Greek).It begins when sediment, like sand, mud, silt and clay, is laid down for the last time and becomes gradually buried and compressed under new sediment. Pressure may slowly transform sediment into sedimentary rocks. Sediment moves from one place to another through the process of erosion. Example: Have you ever wondered about these lines? In reality, some sediment does get transferred between neighbouring cells. Terrigenous sediment can sometimes be called as the sediment in which it is derived from the products of weathering of rocks at or above the sea level and the erosions of the continents or islands (formed by weathering). The study of how sedimentary rocks are formed is called sedimentology. These fragments settle in areas and form strata or layers of sediment. (Geological Science) the process of formation of sedimentary rocks 2. Minerals deposited from water in the spaces between the sediment grains gradually cements them together. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Sediment is carried by the waves along the coastline. Sediment cells A sediment cell is a stretch of coastline, generally flanked by two conspicuous headlands, where the development of sediment is pretty much contained. Geology Solid fragmented material, such as silt, sand, gravel, chemical precipitates, and fossil fragments, that is transported and deposited by water, ice, or wind or that accumulates through chemical precipitation or secretion by organisms, and that forms layers on the Earth's surface. Sediment definition is - the matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid. The suspended load of a flow of fluid, such as a river, is the portion of its sediment uplifted by the fluid's flow in the process of sediment transportation.It is kept suspended by the fluid's turbulence.The suspended load generally consists of smaller particles, like clay, silt, and fine sands … 1859, in the meaning defined at transitive sense, Latin sedimentum settling, from sedēre to sit, sink down. GCSE COASTS VOCABULARY. Sediment is moved up and down the beach, but there is no net lateral movement. Accessed 25 Dec. 2020. Content of this web page is sourced from wikipedia ( http://simple.wikipedia.org). Figure shows the sediment cell as the graph of a calculated system, with inputs (sources), moves (streams) and stores (sinks). If buried, they may eventually become sandstone and siltstone (sedimentary rocks) through lithification. What does SEDIMENT mean? The sediment cell concept (sources, transfers and sinks) is important in understanding the coast as a system with both positive and negative feedback, it is an example of dynamic equilibrium. Sediment cells are areas along the coastline and in the nearshore area where the movement of material is largely self-contained. The word sediment is also used for material transported by wind or water, and deposited on the surface. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use Privacy Policy. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Each sediment major cell typically has many smaller sub-cells. It can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a boulder. Sediment is solid material that is moved and deposit ed in a new location. The brown color indicates that bits of rock and soil are suspended in the fluid (air or water) and being transported from one place to another. Abrasion: wearing away of cliffs by sediment flung by breaking waves.See Corrasion.. Information and translations of SEDIMENT in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Sedimentary rock, rock formed at or near Earth’s surface by the accumulation and lithification of sediment (detrital rock) or by the precipitation … Around the coast of England and Wales there exist 11 sediment cells: largely self-contained sediment systems around which sediment is recycled. A sediment cell (or littoral cell) is a linked system of sources, transfers and sinks of sediment along a section of coastline. Incoming swash transports sediment up the beach at an angle (movement contains an up-beach component and a lateral component) They can be considered as a closed coastal sub-system as far as sediment is concerned. allogenic, allochthonous - Geological material that has been transported and then accumulates elsewhere is allochthonous, and sediment carried by a river is allogenic. In more general use, sediment is any matter which falls to the bottom of a liquid, such as beer. swarve - To choke with sediment. Sediment is made of small particles deposited in water or on land. Sediment is fine-grained particles like silt and clay, generally occurring as a result of soil erosion. Sediment can consist of rock s and mineral s, as well as the remains of plants and animals. (Chemistry) the deposition or production of sediment 3. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. Volcanic eruptions also provide sediments. For example, sand and silt can be carried in suspension in river water and on reaching the sea bed deposited by sedimentation. Learn a new word every day. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? The sediments derived from weathering and erosion of continental rocks are transported to the oceans by rivers, winds etc. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Sediment is a naturally occurring material that is broken down by processes of weathering and erosion, and is subsequently transported by the action of wind, water, or ice or by the force of gravity acting on the particles. Classification of Ocean Deposits: organic materials, or the remains of once-living organisms. Angle of Dip: the angle of the bedding planes which affects the shape of the cliff. 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