Rukmini Devi Arundale (February 29, 1904 – February 24, 1986) was an Indian theosophist, dancer and choreographer. Arundale was greatly influenced as a young woman not only by her father but also by Annie Besant, the Theosophical Society’s British cofounder and president (1907–33), as well as by British educator and theosophist George Arundale, whom she married in 1920. Strettamente legata alle funzioni religiose dei templi indù, era praticata solo dalle caste inferiori, essendo considerata un'attività poco nobile. Her father was closely associated with the Theosophical Society, a monistic (emphasizing unity in the diversity of all phenomena) spiritual organization headquartered in Madras though founded in New York City. Meanwhile, in 1934, the year after Besant’s death, Arundale established the Besant Theosophical High School and the Besant Arundale Senior Secondary School to impart education based on both theosophist and traditional Hindu values. The foundation aimed to preserve and popularize bharata natyam and other Indian traditions as well as to spread the ideals of theosophy. She worked to purge bharata natyam of its shringara (erotic) element, investing it instead with an aura of bhakti (devotion). One day, as they were sitting in the verandah of their house, Sankara Menon then still a College Student, walked in. "Here comes the headmaster"said Dr. Arundale and there ended their search. Rukmini Devi first met Dr George Arundale, in 1917. Rukmini Devi (Madurai, 29 febbraio 1904 – Chennai, 24 febbraio 1986) è stata una danzatrice indiana, fu un'importantissima figura nella storia della danza tradizionale indiana ed ebbe anche un ruolo politico e culturale. https://www.geni.com/people/Rukmini-Devi-Arundale/6000000007220408609 Rukmini Devi Arundale was an Indian classical dancer who led the renaissance of the ‘Bharatnatyam’ dance form and founded the Kalakshetra Foundation in Madras (now Chennai). Updates? Arundale traveled extensively with her husband and Besant on various theosophical missions, all the while absorbing the ideology of the society. Rukmini Devi (Madurai, 29 febbraio 1904 – Chennai, 24 febbraio 1986) è stata una danzatrice indiana, fu un'importantissima figura nella storia della danza tradizionale indiana ed ebbe anche un ruolo politico e culturale. Rukmini Devi Arundale (29 February 1904 – 24 February 1986) was an Indian theosophist, dancer and choreographer of the Indian classical dance form of Bharatanatyam, and an activist for animal rights and welfare.. She also is the first ever woman in Indian History to be nominated as the Rajya Sabha member. Nel dicembre 1935, a trentuno anni, diede il suo primo spettacolo in occasione del giubileo della Società Teosofica, davanti a 2000 persone. Nilakanta Sastri was very closely associated with Theosophical Societybase… Fascinated by Rukmini Devi’s love for the mankind and humanity, Dr Arundale, in 1920, married her with the approval and support of her family. Kuravanji: Dance-Drama —Sunil Kothari 161 20. Mrs. Rukmini Devi Arundale was the Vice President of IVU for the 31 years from the World Congress in Paris, until her death in 1955. Rukmini Devi Arundale, (born February 29, 1904, Madura, Madras Presidency, British India [now Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India]—died February 24, 1986, Chennai, Tamil Nadu), Indian classical dancer and follower of theosophy, best known for catalyzing the renaissance of the bharata natyam dance form and founding the Kalakshetra Foundation in Madras (now Chennai). It was on one of her travels that Rukmini Devi met the famed ballerina, Anna Pavlova, at Covent Gardens, London. She also received the Sangeet Natak Akademi (India’s national academy of music, arts, and dance) Award in 1957, and in 1993 the Indian parliament declared her foundation an institution of national importance. Rukmini Devi Arundale — Rukmini Devi… Dr. Padmasini remembers how Dr. Arundale and Rukmini Devi were on the look out for a capable headmaster. Since her mother Seshammal was a music enthusiast, Rukmini Devi was exposed to dance, music, and culture within the precincts of her home. In 1936 she added Kalakshetra, an Indian arts academy that was especially dedicated to the cultivation of the bharata natyam tradition. Con il marito, Rukmini cominciò a viaggiare per il mondo, mentre nel frattempo assumeva ruoli sempre più importanti nel ramo giovanile della Società Teosofica. He was an active member of the Theosophical Society. Corrections? In her 20s, the theosophists proclaimed her the Mother Goddess -- the Devi -- embodying the great spiritual values of Hindustan, even as they identified J. Krishnamurti as the new messiah. He was an active member of the Theosophical Society. She was born on 29th February 1904 in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, into a Tamil Brahmin family with seven siblings. Rukmini Devi Arundale (29 February 1904 – 24 February 1986) was an Indian theosophist, dancer and choreographer of the Indian classical dance form of Bharatnatyam, and also an activist for animal rights and welfare.She is considered the most important revivalist in the Indian classical dance form of Bharatnatyam from its original 'sadhir' style, prevalent amongst the temple dancers, Devadasis. Date of death: 24. Nilakanta Shastri, andando in pensione, trasferì la residenza della sua famiglia nei sobborghi meridionali di Madras (oggi Chennai), non lontano dalla sede della Società Teosofica. In 1951, a sapling of the For Rukmini Devi, these musicians provided the backbone on which she built her productions. In so doing, she aimed both to resurrect a moribund Indian art form and to reverse the negative social stereotypes associated with its female practitioners—the temple servants known as devadasis, whose obligations to the temple deity involved prostitution. L'opposizione della casta bramina fu tale, che il matrimonio venne celebrato a Bombay (oggi Mumbai) anziché a Madras. Arundale formally trained under Pandanallur Meenakshi Sundaram Pillai, a respected nattuvanar (male bharata natyam director), and gave her first public performance, at the Theosophical Society, in 1935. In recognition of her services to Indian culture, Arundale received the Padma Bhushan, one of India’s highest civilian honours, in 1956. She was initially drawn to Western ballet, and Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova arranged for her to study with Cleo Nordi (one of Pavlova’s students). The interplay of elements of stagecraft, lighting, costumes, music, and choreography, moreover, transformed the devotional experience into an art form that could be appreciated on a global platform. Pavlova also advised Arundale to seek inspiration in traditional Indian arts. Anna Pavlova chiese a una delle sue ballerine più brave, Cleo Nordi, d'insegnare danza a Rukmini, e più tardi la incoraggiò, piuttosto che a perfezionarsi nel balletto classico, a riscoprire la danza tradizionale indiana. rediff.com - Vita di Rukmini Devi in otto diapositive (in inglese), The Tribune - Sul ruolo di Anna Pavlova nella vita di Rukmini Devi (in inglese), India Today - Rukmini tra le 100 persone che hanno fatto l'India moderna (in inglese), Vita di Rukmini Devi e fondazione di Kalakshetra (in inglese), Sito ufficiale di Kalakshetra (in inglese), https://it.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rukmini_Devi&oldid=114374805, Voci biografiche con codici di controllo di autorità, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo. Arundale took Pavlova’s advice to heart and subsequently embarked on a campaign to study and promote bharata natyam, a type of South Indian classical dance that was traditionally performed in Hindu temples. Molto sensibile alla protezione degli animali, Rukmini fondò nel 1960 l'Animal Welfare Board of India, di cui rimase dirigente fino alla morte, e contribuì fortemente alla legge indiana denominata "Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act" (Decreto per la Prevenzione della Crudeltà sugli Animali, 1960). Media in category "Rukmini Devi" The following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. Together, the high school, the senior secondary school, and the arts academy became the Kalakshetra Foundation. Rukmini Devi Arundale — (* 29. Arundale conceived and choreographed numerous bharata natyam pieces in the new style, including six dances derived from the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana, which have remained among her best-known works. Fascinated by Rukmini Devi's love for the mankind and humanity, Dr Arundale, in 1920, married her with the approval and support of … Nel 1928, la famosa ballerina russa Anna Pavlova diede uno spettacolo a Bombay e in quest'occasione Rukmini e il marito ebbero occasione d'incontrarla. Ultimately, Arundale’s work was integral to the revival of bharata natyam and to the elevation in status of both the tradition and its practitioners. Februar 1986 in Indien) war eine indische Tänzerin, Politikerin und Theosophin … Deutsch Wikipedia. Building on the efforts of T. Balasaraswati and other dancers from the devadasi community who had similarly striven to bring bharata natyam from the temple grounds into the public sphere, Arundale took steps to broaden the dance’s appeal as she developed the Kalakshetra curriculum. I t was 1935 and the hall at the headquarters of the Theosophical Society in Adyar, in what was then Madras, was filled with people who are there more out of curiosity than any interest in Bharatanatyam, as Rukmini Devi Arundale performed a dance recital.. Rukmini apportò una serie d'innovazioni al bharatanatyam, svincolandolo dal suo legame stretto con le funzioni religiose, purificandolo dagli elementi erotici e volgari, e nobilitandolo come attività degna di tutti. V. Chandrasekhar 155 19. In April 1920, Arundale married 16-year-old Rukmini Devi, daughter of Pandit Nilakanta Sastri (marriage was held in Bombay, to avoid heated scenes in Madras). Kalakshetra’s institutionalization of the dance form also helped ensure its transmission to future generations. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. Nell'ambito della Società Teosofica, Rukmini incontrò il dottor George Arundale, un celebre pedagogo australiano che aveva in essa un ruolo di primo piano, e lo sposò nel 1920 (lei aveva 16 anni e lui 40). In particolare George Arundale invitò nel 1939 Maria Montessori a far partire nel campus di Kalakshetra una scuola elementare basata sul suo metodo, e successivamente vi aprì anche una scuola secondaria. Born to South Indian Sanskrit scholar and historian K.A. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Rukmini Devi first met Dr George Arundale, in 1917. She was also a theosophist who was greatly inspired by Annie Besant, the … 14:21:00 india, world. George Arundale morì nel 1945, due anni prima che l'India ottenesse l'indipendenza. Rukmini Devi Arundale, an iconic classical dancer, is credited with having transformed the ‘dance of the Devadasis’ to the contemporary Bharatanatyam dance that is widely appreciated today. He was an active member of the Theosophical Society. Arundale was also in-charge of the organization’s paper, “New India”. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. Quick Facts Also Listed In : Animal Rights Activists, Classical Dancers Famous as : Bharatnatyam Dancer... Quick Facts. She is considered the most important revivalist in the Indian classical dance form of Bharatnatyam from its original ‘sadhir’ style, prevalent amongst the temple dancers, Devadasis, she also worked for the re-establishment of traditional Indian arts and crafts. About Rukmini Devi Arundale Rukmini Devi Neelakanda Sastri (29 February 1904 – 24 February 1986) was an Indian theosophist, dancer and choreographer of the Indian classical dance form of Bharatanatyam, and an activist for animal rights and welfare. Rukmini Devi Arundale :: Born: February 29, 1904 Passed Away: February 24, 19864 Contributions Rukmini Devi ArundaleRukmini Devi Arundale was a reputed dancer and choreographer of … The versatile lady may have chosen not to be president of India, however, she will be remembered for all that she chose to do, and with such elan. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Rukmini-Devi-Arundale, IndiaNetzone - Indian Personalities - Biography of Rukmini Devi Arundale, Cultural India - Dances of India - Biography of Rukmini Devi Arundale. George Sydney Arundale (1 December 1878 in Surrey, England — 12 August 1945 in Adyar, India) was a Theosophist, Freemason, president of the Theosophical Society Adyar and A bishop of the Liberal Catholic Church.He was the husband of the celebrated Indian dancer Rukmini Devi Arundale Le attività di Kalakshetra non si limitarono alla danza, comprendendo altri aspetti della musica carnatica e anche aspetti educativi del tutto separati. The Birth of Bharatanatyam and the Sanskritized Body —Uttara Asha Coarlawala 173 21. The foundation aimed to preserve and popularize bharata natyam and other Indian #Kalanidhi Narayan , #Rukmini Devi Arundale , #Bharatnatyam Rukmini Devi Arundale - A revivalist, free-spirit, and an icon who continues to remind us that classic beauty is eternal. Quest'ultima attraversava in India da secoli una fase di decadenza. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). ... elite woman privileged to travel the world when she was barely 25 years of age and empowered to work for global causes in Europe, Australia, England and America. Rukmini Devi Arundale, Indian classical dancer and follower of theosophy, best known for catalyzing the renaissance of the bharata natyam dance form and founding the Kalakshetra Foundation in Madras (now Chennai). The orthodox society was aghast and the leading newspaper of Madras even wrote an editorial on how it … During that time, general practice was to elect vice president of each member society, although he could also be elected by the IVU to represent the country. Strettamente vegetariana, fu anche vicepresidente dell'Unione Vegetariana Internazionale, dal 1955 alla sua morte. Rukmini Devi’s 112th Birthday Dancer and choreographer Rukmini Devi was born in India in 1904. La conoscenza s'approfondì nel corso di un lungo viaggio per mare dall'India all'Australia, nel quale la coppia si trovò sulla stessa nave della ballerina e della sua compagnia. Template:Infobox actor Rukmini Devi Arundale (Tamil:ருக்மிணி தேவி அருண்டேல்) (February 29, 1904 – February 24, 1986 ) was an Indian theosophist, dancer and choreographer in Indian classical dancer form of Bharatnatyam, and also an activist for … Apportò anche innovazioni negli strumenti usati per l'accompagnamento, in particolare favorendo l'uso del violino abbinato a strumenti tradizionali come la vina e il mridangam. Rukmini Devi Arundale: Her New Visions in Her Dance Dramas —C. Omissions? Rukmini Devi Arundale - Google doodle pays tribute to Rukmini Devi Arundale Unknown. Nel 1952 Rukmini Devi fu nominata membro della Rajya Sabha, approssimativamente equivalente al senato italiano. Arundale was also in-charge of the organization's paper, "New India". The father Neelakanta Sastri, though an engineer by profession, was a Sanskrit scholar and a historian as well. Rukmini Devi and Sanskritization : A New Performance Perspective Arundale went on to become the President of the Theosophical Society after Dr. Besant’s passing and Rukmini Devi herself was an active member of the Theosophical movement). Al ritorno in patria, Rukmini si dedicò con grande determinazione all'apprendimento del bharatanatyam, in particolare sotto la guida del maestro Meenakshisundaram Pillai, già anziano. Rukmini era figlia di Nilakanta Shastri, un bramino (casta elevata della società indiana) che era divenuto membro della Società Teosofica. Arundale was also in-charge of the organization’s paper, “New India”. That event was remarkable not only on account of Arundale’s artistry but also because it was a staged, public performance (as opposed to a temple event), and it set a precedent for upper-class women to practice an art form traditionally associated with a widely maligned lower-class community. Rukmini Devi had grown up under the shade of the famous banyan tree in the sprawling Adyar campus of the Theosophical Society of which her father was an important functionary. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. February 1986. With Narayan's death late February 21 in Chennai, the grand old lady of bharatnatyam is gone, and with her an important slice of history. To add contemporary sophistication to the productions, she adopted a dance-drama format. Rukmini Devi Arundale. Over the years, encouraged by her husband, Dr. George Arundale, Rukmini Devi had acquired land in the village of Tiruvanmiyur, a short distance away from the Theosophical Society. After a lifetime spent working for the revival of traditional Indian art forms, Rukmini Devi Arundale passed away on February 24, 1986, at the ripe old age of 82. Rukmini Devi first met Dr George Arundale, in 1917. Fascinated by Rukmini Devi’s love for the mankind and humanity, Dr Arundale, in 1920, married her with the approval and support of … Questa pagina è stata modificata per l'ultima volta il 17 lug 2020 alle 06:59. L'anno seguente, Rukmini, insieme al marito e ad altri membri della Società Teosofica, diede vita a un'accademia di danza che prese il nome di Kalakshetra ("luogo sacro delle arti"). Februar 1904 in Madurai, Indien; † 24. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Also during her travels, Arundale became enamoured with classical dance. Fu un matrimonio che fece scalpore, per essere contratto da un'indiana di casta elevata e un uomo di razza e cultura occidentali. 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