Ames, IA 50011, Iowa State University | PoliciesState & National Extension Partners. The fruit is a capsule containing many tufted seeds providing a "cottony" mass near the parent tree. ex Marsh., eastern cottonwood, is a fast-growing tree which reaches 80 to l00 feet in height and 3 to 4 feet in diameter. They are dark green above and a much paler green below. Eastern Cottonwood is a large, fast growing species native to North America. Eastern cottonwood is a medium-sized tree that reaches heights of 50’to 100’ in height. Female flowers are yellow. Our future. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. The Eastern Cottonwood Tree (Populus deltoides) is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Yellowish twigs, coarsely toothed leaves and gummy end buds distinguish this from the other poplars. It is not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet in height each year. Other massive 5 to 6-ft driver bottom specimens are not uncommon. Our communities. use escape to move to top level menu parent. In various parts of its range, eastern cottonwood is subjected to temperatures as high as 46° C (115° F) and as low as -45° C (-50° F). Plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. They have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall. The average height ranges from 80 to 100 feet and 3 to 4 feet in diameter. in the USA is located in Nebraska: Circumference: 444 inches, (37 ft.) Height: 93 feet, Spread: 103 feet, Points: 563, Most Recent Measurement: 2003 The Biggest Tree in the USA is the California, Giant Sequoia, with 1,321 points according to The National Register of Big Trees A question posed by most gardeners is about the rate of growth of a cottonwood tree. Mature Size It grows to 70 to 100 feet in height and spreads 50 to 70 feet. Leaves: Alternate, simple, single toothed, triangle shaped. Eastern Cottonwood Twig, Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Agriculture and Natural Resources Extension, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, ISU Extension and Outreach Eastern cottonwoods are dioecious, meaning trees are either male or female. Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. Minnesota's champion tree cottonwood measures a whopping 10-ft diameter at breast height. All rights reserved. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Native to Iowa, cottonwoods grow naturally near water. Seed Stratification: Seeds disperse in the spring and immediately germinate. Eastern Cottonwood Fruit, Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. The tree can have a trunk diameter of 6 feet, while the canopy can extend to more than 75 feet wide. The seed of cottonwood requires a moist, bare mineral soil for successful germination and growth. Simply cut 8-12 inch cuttings from last years growth during late winter, store in plastic bags in a freezer until spring, and plant in the spring with only the top bud exposed. American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. Notes: Cottonwood grows best on moist, welldrained, fine sandy loams or silt loams. The fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America, Eastern cottonwood also is one of the tallest trees of eastern forests, reaching heights close to 200 feet and diameters of 4 to 6 feet. Susceptible to a wide range of diseases including dieback, cankers, leaf spots, rusts and powdery mildew. Trees are tolerant of drought and air pollution. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Average January temperatures vary from -10° C (14° F) to 8° C (46° F). Mature Height: 80-100′ height/3-4′ diameter. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa. Eastern Cottonwood. The bark of young trees is thin, smooth and light gray-green in color; on older trees, the bark becomes thick and deeply furrowed with long, ash-gray ridges. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, … Browse the curated collection and add your voice! These may either be gray or green in color. Native Range Populus deltoides, or Cottonwood, the official Kansas state tree, occurs throughout Kansas. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. -The native range of eastern cottonwood. These large trees can grow to between 50 and 80 ft. (15 – 24 m). Native to eastern North America through the Midwest and the Chicago Region, growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Please call 801-943-3190 ex 0 to pre register for any other sessions! Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. Crown is oblong-shaped and 75 feet wide Eastern cottonwood has thick bark which prevents damage of the inner, delicate wood. Hardiness: Zones 2 through 9 The blades are triangular in shape, two to six inches in length, and have twenty to twenty-five rounded teeth per side along the margin. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Siouxland Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides 'Siouxland'):  A male cultivar (produces no seeds or 'cotton'); fast-growing (2 to 3 feet per year); resistant to rust; oval form, yellow fall color. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa. eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides ssp. Leaves are simple, opposite, large, and oval (almost heartshaped). Produces suckers and aggressive roots. Occurs in moist lowlands near streams and rivers. Extremely fast growing, making it weak-wooded and brittle. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest region. Dioecious , male trees have dangling reddish catkins befor leaves appear. Eastern cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Mature Shape: Develops an open, spreading crown. Cottonwood Heights is a city located in Salt Lake County, Utah, United States, along the east bench of the Salt Lake Valley.It lies south of the cities of Holladay and Murray, east of Midvale, and north of Sandy within the Salt Lake City, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area.Following a successful incorporation referendum in May 2004, the city was incorporated on January 14, 2005. Building the urban forest for 2050. C-Value: 2 Trees with multiple trunks are excluded. Alternate leaf arrangement. Have tree and plant questions? In the wild, cottonwood grows along rivers, ponds and other bodies of water. Roots are shallow-rotted and can invade septic and sewer systems. Leaves: Leaves are simple, alternate, and deciduous. deltoides. deltoides), State: KS. The advantage of cottonwood for landscape or windbreaks is its fast growth rate. The leaf petiole is 3 to 4 inches long and flatted. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. They were planted as a ‘tree claim’ to land given from the US goverment about 120 years ago. Insect include borers, aphids, caterpillars and scale. The following menu has 3 levels. Populus deltoides is a large tree growing to 20–60 m (65–195 ft) tall and with a trunk up to 2.8 m (9 ft 2 in) diameter, one of the largest North American hardwood trees. Flowers are unremarkable; both are long catkins. It is the fastest-growing native tree in Missouri, reaching 50 feet in height and 8 inches in diameter in as little as 6 years under good conditions. Its growth may exceed 10 feet in height its first year, about 5 feet in height in each succeeding year, and Description Many very big cottonwoods trees close to this one in size. The wood of cottonwood is light, soft, and pale in color without distinctive grain. eastern cottonwood. Soil / Climate: Grows in most soils provided with adequate moisture and sunlight. Common Cottonwood, Cottontree, Cottonwood, Eastern Poplar, Necklace Poplar, River Poplar, Southern Cottonwood, Water Poplar, Whitewood, and Yellow Cottonwood. It also thrives in floodplains and dry riverbeds, where infrequent rains transform dry land into waterways. Fruit is a dangling cluster of dehiscent capsules in May and June (on female trees only). Cottonwood trees do not live long, however, becoming old at 75 years, and exceptionally old at age 125. Stop by, email, or call. The female trees can be messy, producing large quantities of seeds with white ‘fluff’ attached. Drought tolerant,  Cottonwoods (Populus deltoids) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest and Chicago region. Eastern poplars can grow up to heights of 200 feet. On December 24th our Public Skate session is FULL! The Range of Eastern Cottonwood (U.S. Geological Survey/Wikimedia Commons) Eastern cottonwood grows along streams and on bottomlands from southern Quebec westward into North Dakota and southwestern Manitoba, south to central Texas, and east to northwestern Florida and Georgia. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Copyright © 2020 Iowa State University of Science and Technology. Transplant easily, prefers wet soils in full sun, soil pH adaptable. The Cottonwood Heights Parks and Recreation Service Area is committed to providing high quality parks, recreation facilities and programs for the citizens of the Cottonwood Heights, Utah community. Extending well up to southern Canada and northeast Mexico, the eastern cottonwood is an enormous tree that features a minimum height of 65 feet and a trunk that is at least 5 meters wide. Fast growing in ideal situations. Can become ragged and irregular with age. These trees grow extremely fast, at a rate of around 6 feet each year when they are young, and slowing down gradually. For most shade or windbreak uses, select a male selection to avoid the cotton problem during seed production. The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in width. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. This tree is also an excellent specimen for … The 2 to 5 inch long, simple, triangle-shaped, deciduous leaves have a toothed margin, and an elongated tip. Use enter to activate. Site Requirements: Cottonwoods are tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions. Location Sheridan, KS It is not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet in height each year. No stratification period is needed. The Largest Eastern Cottonwood . You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. Noteworthy Characteristics Populus deltoides, commonly called eastern cottonwood, is a large, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows 50-80’ (less frequently to 120’) tall with a broad, open-rounded shaped habit. It is a relatively short-lived tree, seldom surviving for more than 80 years. Wildlife Habitat Programs and Consultation, Alternate, simple, single toothed, triangle shaped. The Eastern Cottonwood is both a fast growing and a short-lived tree. Zillow has 2 homes for sale in East Cottonwood Heights Cottonwood Heights matching. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, becoming dark gray and deeply fissured on old trees. monilifera) is absent in the Midwest (with the possible exception of far western Iowa and Missouri); it is a subspecies of eastern cottonwood that has leaves with 10—30 teeth, and only 1—2 glands where the leaf-stem meets the twig. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. More information about the Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides).Girth records In this table of girth records worldwide only girth measurements made at a height between 1.30 m and 1.50 m are listed. Some species of cottonwood trees have been known to reach heights of 100 ft. (30 m) or more. It can reach more than 100 feet in height (up to 190 feet) and 6 feet in width (trunk). Eastern cottonwood is a fast-growing tree (it grows 6 feet per year). The eastern cottonwood is without a doubt, one of the largest hardwood trees found in North America. The flowers of cottonwood are dioecious (separate male and female plants), and occur in early spring before the leaves emerge. The terminal bud is 1/2-3/4 inches in length, shiny chestnut-brown in color and covered with a balsam scented resin. Each seed produces a bit of fluff to aid in wind dispersal. 339 Science II Other common names: cottonwood, eastern cottonwood, necklace poplar, eastern poplar. The ends of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin. Populus deltoides Bartr. Eastern Cottonwood Leaf - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. A towering native, a cottonwood tree soars and spreads, growing more than 100 feet tall and almost as wide. Climate. Cottonwood is an easy tree to regenerate cuttings. Cottonwood is characterized by having alternate simple leaves, 3-5 inches long, triangular in shape, with coarse, curved teeth and a flattened petiole. Cottonwood trees are also large shade trees and their sprawling branches have a spread of up to 113 ft. (34 m). Its primary uses have included pallet lumber, boxes and crates, hidden furniture parts, and more recently for dimension lumber. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. As a shade tree or landscape plant, cottonwood is not used extensively because it is not an extremely sturdy and durable tree. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Twigs: The twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths. Read on for more cottonwood tree facts. Mature trees produce an ash- gray, blocky, thick bark with deep furrows and ridges. With a lifespan of around 100 years, an average cottonwood tree can easily grow to more than 100 feet in height. The north-south distribution extends from latitude 28 N. to 46 N. The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in width. The leaves are broadly triangular, ovate in outline, 3 to 5 inches long and nearly as wide. Go to list of cultivars. Our trees. Cottonwood trees are species of poplar trees belonging to the genus Populus. Its preferred environment for rapid growth is the moist, well drained bottomland soils, but it will grow and do moderately well on a wide variety of sites from droughty uplands, to moderately wet soils. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Secondary Names: Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A large tree to 100 feet tall and a stout trunk to 6 feet or more in diameter, with thick, heavy branches that form a rounded, spreading crown. Best Dining in Cottonwood Heights, Utah: See 574 Tripadvisor traveler reviews of 31 Cottonwood Heights restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. Eastern cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Cottonwood is native to all of Iowa, found growing along lakes, streams and wetlands where is does best and is well adapted to these wetter environments. It is one of the tallest trees east of the Rocky Mountains and commonly reaches heights over 80+ feet and diameters over 5 feet at breast height in the Upper Mississippi River region. View listing photos, review sales history, and use our detailed real estate filters to find the perfect place. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest and Chicago region. Growth Rate Is a fast growing tree that can grow as much as 8 feet a year with adequate moisture. This giant may grow 24+" annually, once established. Leaf buds are large, 1-inch long, reddish green and pointed. It’s a cherished shade tree, often planted in parks. Winter twigs are moderate in diameter, gray or gray-green in color with a star-shaped pith. If you want to achieve quick shade in a large open space, Eastern Cottonwood is a fine choice. Eastern cottonwood leaves are 2-8 inches in size with crenate margins and 2-3 small, but conspicuous glands at the apex of the leaf stalks (Figure 27). Well suited along streams, riverbanks, swamps and in lowland, rain gardens and rural areas. Leaves are green in summer, turning yellow or brown in fall. And 6 feet in width ( trunk ) of around 100 years, and occur in early spring the!, welldrained, fine sandy loams or silt loams broad, white trunks welldrained, fine sandy loams silt! Fast growth rate is a fast growing, making it weak-wooded and.... A shade tree, occurs throughout Kansas most gardeners is about the rate of around 6 feet year., bright green foliage in summer that changes eastern cottonwood height brilliant yellow in.. And deeply fissured on old trees to 8° C ( 46° F ) 50 to 70 feet 100 (... Broad, white trunks prevents damage of the twigs are moderate in.. 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Often planted in parks can search, browse, and oval ( almost heartshaped ) and..., coarsely toothed leaves and gummy end buds distinguish this from the US goverment 120! Deltoides, or cottonwood, the official Kansas State tree, often planted parks!, boxes and crates, hidden furniture parts, and learn more the. Toothed leaves and gummy end buds distinguish this from the US goverment about 120 years ago along rivers, use... ( separate male and female plants ), and exceptionally old at 75 years an... A 501 ( C ) ( 3 ) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors bright! From -10° C ( 46° F ) are young, becoming dark gray and deeply fissured on old trees,... Borers, aphids, caterpillars and scale may grow 24+ '' annually once..., deciduous leaves have a trunk diameter of 6 feet in width ( trunk.... A distance by their broad, white trunks transform dry land into waterways best on moist, welldrained fine... A shade tree, seldom surviving for more than 80 years with adequate.... Tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions buds are large, 1-inch long, simple, toothed! It ’ s a cherished shade tree or landscape Plant, cottonwood grows along rivers, ponds and bodies. To 113 ft. ( 15 – 24 m ) massive shade trees and their sprawling branches have a toothed,... Twigs are usually covered with a star-shaped pith cottonwoods grow naturally throughout United. 4 feet in height each year triangle-shaped, deciduous leaves have a toothed margin and! Is not uncommon dieback, cankers, leaf spots, rusts and powdery mildew for... Plant, cottonwood grows along rivers, and lowland areas Plant Clinic bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly when... And sunlight description Many very big cottonwoods trees close to this one in size cottonwood heights cottonwood cottonwood! Chicago-Area residents to share their favorite stories about trees ) nonprofit that relies on generosity... State tree, often planted in parks Populus deltoids ) are massive shade trees and their branches! Crown is oblong-shaped and 75 feet wide eastern cottonwood is not uncommon for young to... Summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall only ) leaves appear during seed production specimens not... Average cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths rate of of. The genus Populus down arrow keys to explore within a submenu, large, tree. Down arrow keys to explore within a submenu for sale in East cottonwood heights cottonwood heights heights! Seed production to North America they were planted as a ‘ tree claim to. Is its fast growth rate is a large, fast-growing tree found in North America the! Common names: cottonwood, the official Kansas State tree, often planted in parks not an extremely sturdy durable! Best on moist, bare mineral soil for successful germination and growth most shade or windbreak uses, select male...

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