Any farmer who doesn’t want to agree to the required provisions can choose to buy another type of seed as there are many other seed varieties in the marketplace. The displacement of peasant seeds is a process that has been gaining ground and speed around the world over the past decades. Several states have called seed banks "illegal seed distribution centers", uprooting community food initiatives before even getting them in the ground. Lobby for your state to update their laws to match the Recommended Uniform State Seed Law (RUSSL), which allows seed swaps, seed libraries, and seed banks while still protecting the economic system that makes the production of new varieties viable. Regarding your second question, GM crops produce seeds just like conventional crops. Wrong. To learn more about the author of this post, click on their byline link at the top of the page. The Complete Aromatherapy & Essential Oils, Natural Cold Storage: Fresh Food in Winter, Keeping Crops Cool During Hot Weather: 13 Ways to Beat the Heat, Subscribe Today - Pay Now & Save 64% Off the Cover Price. What's the solution? I attended a fascinating, all-day seed-saving workshop last month, but I have to admit the talk that raised my eyebrows the most was the one on legalities. This means it is illegal to save seeds from them. A typical package of 50 pepper seeds costs $3 or more, while transplants can cost $5 each! Saving seed in and of itself is not illegal. Expert response from I even have pics of them together and many letters and signed books to her from him. Saving seeds, and trading seeds with other like-minded people, isn't a new concept, and the new Global Seed Network isn't necessarily a pioneer in helping to preserve seed biodiversity, but it … Despite reports to the contrary, none of our companies sell GM seeds that are sterile. My great aunt used to seed swap with people from all over the world, including China, Russia and Mexico. An example is that of Scotch Broom. Did you know that seed swapping is illegal in many states? The tradition of seed saving goes back thousands of years. If you would like to understand more about the patenting of GM seeds, please see Professor Drew Kershen’s explanation here: http://gmoanswers.com/ask/does-%E2%80%9Cpatent%E2%80%9D-allow-private-company-own-seeds-created-0. Seed Saving Myths vs. After all, free sharing of seeds is so valuable that the US Patent office used to spend nearly a third of their budget mailing out packets to farmers. Saving Seed Becomes Illegal. For those who don't know, heirloom seeds are natural crop seeds which can be saved from a previous harvest and replanted for the next growing season. Like to read more content, Join the Mother Earth News Community Today. Seed saving is preserving the diversity and genetics of plants that keep us healthy and well-fed. Seed Saving Basics. No, it's not illegal. Self-pollinating plants, such as beans, peas, peppers, and tomatoes, are good choices for first-time seed-savers. 1. Fear of Mexican immigrants led to the criminalization of marijuana. Expert response from It amazes me that they were doing this so long ago. Farmers understand this when they make the choice to purchase the seed. One of the key aspects of seed saving is picking the seeds from the best fruits and flowers that have grown in your garden. For example, the Prelude red raspberry is patented, with a small royalty from each sale going back to the originators at the NY State Experiment Station. Home › Gardening Information › Seed Saving › What Are F1 Plants & Seeds: How & Why of F1 Hybrids I’ve noticed many ordinary growers are confused by the term F1 hybrid and some have completely wrong ideas about what F1 hybrids are and what the advantages and drawbacks of F1 hybrids are. The penalty for violating this ridiculous law is a fine of up to $7,500 a day. This simply is not true. Why the US Made Marijuana Illegal. And while the sheriff likely won't be patrolling seed swaps in search of repeat offenders, this issue is a hurdle for homesteaders who might want to turn that unique variety they saved or developed into a microbusiness. Monsanto essentially has a monopoly on genetically modified seeds. By paying with a credit card, you save an additional $5 and get 6 issues of MOTHER EARTH NEWS for only $12.95 (USA only). Informally sharing seed with a neighbor who gardens down the street is illegal in multiple states in the US. • Seeds won't grow after the expiration date on the package. Already a Member? if so, how does that effect bio diversity? Expert response from Kelly Clauss. Seed-preemption laws have been adopted in 29 states, including Oregon — one of the world’s top five seed-producing regions — California, Iowa, and Colorado. Seed saving has been known to preserve genetic diversity, which is why the practice is often used to preserve plants that are on the verge of extinction, as well as heirlooms. Community Manager. Additionally, seed saving has also been shown to have a positive ecological impact since these plants provide food to beetles, butterflies, and bees. Vandana's Call for Seed Freedom and Free Seed Saving eBook. The oils are also extremely flammable, and living in Northern California, we do as much extermination of the plant as possible. Rich genetic diversity and the ability to harness nature’s power to create seeds that are ideal for the area you garden in is the main reason why people save seeds. You can save seed from hybrid plants or from plants that have been cross pollinated. For almost a century, seven lines of reasoning have been used to outlaw marijuana in the U.S. These are laws if I ever saw them, that need and beg to be flouted. All Seed being distributed in Pennsylvania must be labeled according to the PASeed Act and Regulations. Answer. You may also use the Bill Me option and pay $17.95 for 6 issues. Why are farmers being sued for doing so? That's what most of the farmers in Tanzania still do… It was inherited for generations and generations." The Seed Act of 2004 is the basis for Ag's letter which incorrectly states that "The Pennsylvania Seed Act requires all distributors of seed to purchase a seed license". The UPOV convention has undergone many revisions, however, and since 1991, while scientific research is still allowed on PVP seed, farmers are now prohibited from saving … Sad that it's come to making laws against it. More resources 'Occupy the seed!' The companies prohibit farmers from saving and replanting such seeds, requiring that they buy new seeds each year. Under the new law, Iraqi farmers must only plant seeds from “protected varieties” from international corporations. If you have seeds that are patented, you won't want to grow them anyway because they will be hybrid (genetically altered) and hybrid seeds will not produce the same fruit or vegetable that you took them from. All MOTHER EARTH NEWS community bloggers have agreed to follow our Blogging Guidelines, and they are responsible for the accuracy of their posts. Saving Seed from Hybrid Plants. While I agree that the laws need to be updated to match the RUSSL, I believe the biggest danger is from people not knowing what potential weeds and invasive plants that may be spread to another location. Home seed saving is one of the topics included in Patrick's Land Course Online. Dry fruited crops, like grains, lettuce, and beans, can be removed from the plant once seeds … New EU Law that Could Ban Our Seeds. Under this it would make it illegal for individuals to grow their own gardens and save heirloom seeds. A basic understanding of the way seeds are pollinated and produced will help you be successful at seed saving. Already a Member but The Great Lakes Bioneers Chicago Seed Saving Initiative was created in 2012 out of the Chicago Bioneers Conference, where Vandana Shiva challenged audience members to begin their own local seed saving projects. Monsanto has been notoriously aggressive about going after those who, like Bowman, failed to heed that agreement. That's why we want you to save money and trees by subscribing through our earth-friendly automatic renewal savings plan. -Janet Maro The seed exchange system that Maro speaks about is currently under threat in Tanzania. How seed laws make farmers’ seeds illegal. However, when farmers choose to purchase GM seed, they sign an agreement stating that they will use the seed solely for the planting of one commercial crop. Canadian Subscribers - Click Here Farmers who choose to grow genetically modified (GM, or GMO) seed sign a contract stating that they will not save their seed to grow next year. In the 20th century, when plant breeding and seed production became activities separate from farming itself, peasant varieties were gradually replaced by industrial varieties. • Seeds from vegetables you buy in the grocery store are sterile. "Life begins with the seed germinating…we depend on seed and most of the seed is the seed we will produce, have it, save and use in the next planting season. Pffffffffft. Like so many other senseless laws, this rule needs to be put to rest. Saving seeds was made illegal under the “Colonial Powers” of the United States. In agriculture lingo, the practice is known as "seed saving"; farmers had been doing it for millennia before Monsanto started demanding that farmers not do so with the company’s genetically modified, patented seeds. In most states, there are rules that require tests of germination rates and weed-seed percentages any time seeds change hands. If the seeds are from an heirloom vegetable there is no patent rights on the seed. Counter to this trend, seed libraries give members free seeds and request that members later harvest seed and give back to the library thereby growing the pool of seeds … http://cesutter.ucanr.edu/files/102561.pdf. Legal Protections for Seed Companies. But surely you can give away packets of your great-grandmother's heirloom tomato seeds, right? I have many letters and signed books that he sent her. Survival Skills, Garden Planning, Seed Saving, Food Preservation, Natural Health – Dozens of courses, 100+ workshops, and interactive Q&As. International Subscribers - Click Here You can usually tell if a variety you're buying is patented because it'll cost a little more than similar heirloom varieties and will likely mention the patent right there in the nursery catalog. This means that seed savers need to leave a few fruits to fully mature in the garden when they want to save seeds. Are GMOs designed not to create seeds so farmers have to buy seeds every season? In agriculture and gardening, seed saving (sometimes known as brown bagging) is the practice of saving seeds or other reproductive material (e.g. People save seeds for lots of different reasons and there is no single right reason to get started saving your own garden seeds.. Save Money. The most obvious illegality comes not from sharing seeds but from splitting certain types of perennials. Saving the seeds of your own crops ensures that you will have a successful and thriving garden in the coming years. While there are many varieties sold in nurseries, it is also considered an invasive plant because it forms dense stands which crowd out native species and destroy wildlife habitat. In fact this is so irritating to my non-conformist, individualistic American soul that I think I'd PREFER to break these laws rather than change them. Hi, thanks for stopping by. We previously answered a similar question about sterile seeds or Terminator seeds here: http://gmoanswers.com/ask/i-keep-reading-about-how-monsantos-seeds-and-other-gm-seeds-become-sterile-and-unusable-farmers. Poland say no to Monsanto but Allows Trading of GM Seeds There is quite a bit of misinformation out there about saving seeds. Mississipi-based Delta & Pine Land Co. and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have received a U.S. patent on a new genetic technology designed to prevent unauthorized seed saving by farmers. Seed saving is also preserving blueprints of our past, the lifestyles of our ancestors and the unique flavors of the land we proudly inhabit. Who says your great-grandmother's heirloom tomato seeds are any less valuable? Thanks. However, when farmers choose to purchase GM seed, they sign an agreement stating that they will use the seed solely for the planting of one commercial crop. Seeds you have saved, you can significantly reduce the cost of producing healthy food -janet Maro the seed system... Of germination rates and weed-seed percentages any time seeds change hands Free seed saving is preserving the diversity genetics. Called seed banks `` illegal seed distribution centers '', uprooting community food initiatives before even getting in... 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