It’s essential to come up with EXCITING ways to teach your kids how to read! Tip: Join an online community of language learners such as The Polyglot Club, where you can ask questions and practise with native speakers from all over the world. Students should enjoy rather than dread vocabulary work. There are many different ways to teach vocabulary to ESL students. Ah, so many words, so little time. You can also find other interesting resources featuring words in context. You may even have sub-circles shooting off to the side for winter, summer, etc…words. Just type in the word, choose the speaker and practise. Try the following: listen to a word/phrase once, now listen to it inside your head, then say it inside your head, then say it aloud. Guess what I'm thinking Students take turns describing something, like a place: “I’m thinking of a place that is so huge it takes visitors hours to see all of it. Ask students to classify a group of words into different categories. Ways to Teach New Words to a 12-month-old Baby 1. Tip: In addition to 'spaced repetition' platforms and online software (e.g., Anki, where you can practise with full sentences), you can schedule revision on your own. As a language learner, you work hard to expand your vocabulary. 4–8). Repetition fixes new words in your memory. Does it sound the way you heard it with your inner ear? Advanced students benefit from takin… A fun variation is to have students make comic strips or books featuring their new vocabulary. Tip: Instead of keeping these sentences to yourself, you can use them in writing games such as the Folding Story. Check out the Teacher's Book of Hooray! Then, they recognize it later on their own. I will also present you with 10 fun ways to help students to learn words, whether this be in English, French, German, Spanish or any other foreign language! Using the meanings of word parts to determine the meaning of a multisyllabic word is an “in-word” strategy that can open the doors to thousands of new words. You hold the key to a better vocabulary. Appeal to all of your students’ senses! Record yourself saying it and listen to the recording. Use the new word immediately. Discuss why these strategies are helpful. They can be used in so many ways, place each High Frequency Words Poster in small groups and have the kids read and work on the word mats. 10 Fun & Easy Activities to Teach Sight Words for ESL Students. Use it again one day later. When choosing which words deserve special instructional time, we don't have to do it alone. Before you look up the word in the dictionary, try to guess what it means. For students to effectively and accurately produce vocabulary, they have to spontaneously recall the words. Includes the best of BusyTeacher: Secondly, they recognize the word at first with help. For teens or adult learners, you can make cards with the definition and call out the words, or vice versa. Try to experiment with these tips to see what works for you. They can then teach each other in groups. Teach Vocabulary in Context. It is a breathtaking building, very old, but with a modern glass pyramid in the front.” Students choose to be as obvious or as cryptic as they like. This way, you make sure that you know how to actually use this verb in at least one sentence. She can read a sepecific word, and then have to read it in a sentence on … Use cognates. Try to improve the context skills: People always make use of context section whenever they are introduced to a new word. Use text with rich vocabulary and images. What works best in these cases are synonyms, definitions, substitutions, or simply placing students within a given context. Taking new vocabulary words and requiring they be represented in a picture (or in the text with pictures of other objects) helps them internalize word meanings. Tip: On Forvo, you can listen to native and non-native speakers from different parts of the world pronouncing different words and phrases. The perception of a challenge stimulates the brain. This works great for vocabulary review lessons. This goes for both oral and written descriptions. Did you use any of the new words you’d like to activate? It has stunning works of art. Her blog is ELT-CATION. Here are FOUR ways to make learning sight words engaging! To effectively acquire English vocabulary, students must go through four essential stages: It is essential that you, as the teacher, make use of activities that target each of these stages; more often than not, we make the mistake of merely introducing new vocabulary, and we don’t give students the opportunity to put these new words to use. Provide continued opportunities to explore words at a deep level. Or clothes and accessories when you’re talking about shopping. Songs with actions are particularly good for very young children as they are able to join in even if they are not yet able to sing the song. Seeing the word used in writing and using the word itself helps students learn the meaning. Students may be required to match opposites, synonyms, or a word with its definition, as well as a picture to a word. Here are ten strategies to help you make words stick in your mind and use them in conversation. 2. Now, whenever you hear ‘tea’ or ‘chai’, you will see a lovely cup of steaming tea and know how it got to the country. When all of the students are done, have them come up to the front of the class one by one. Hold conversations with her like you would if she could talk. Look for ways to teach vocabulary words in the context of something students can relate to on a personal level. If you love reading, try reading short texts, such as cartoon strips. For example, this 'SpeakSmart' collection on Instagram has different scenes from popular television series giving examples of particular words and phrases in use. The English word ‘tea’ (just as in French, Spanish or German) derives from the Amoy form (through the Dutch East India Company that introduced the leaves to Europe). Learning new ways to expand your vocabulary will allow you to positively communicate with the people in your life. Use social media to bring the real world into your classroom. At the beginning level, English learners need to focus on the basics of pronunciation. When learners can link vocabulary words to their own experiences, it’ll be easier for them to remember the terms and apply what they have learned. In the online version, each player gets just three minutes to write a line and scores points by the number of likes they receive for their lines. Bingo Bingo is one of the most versatile games employed by ESL teachers. You will be more likely to remember a new word if it is used in a context you find interesting or are passionate about. Pointing Teacher can use flashcard or power point presentation to show the item that they want to teach. Student B has to guess what the word is. 4. Your kids will be so excited to use shaving cream for a learning activity, it won’t even feel like they are learning! Give your students a few items of vocabulary and tell them to find the meaning, pronunciation and write an example sentence with the word in. If you enjoyed this article, please help spread it by clicking one of those sharing buttons below. Another way to help young learners learn new words is to explore ways of recording vocabulary. To change this, record yourself speaking for two to four minutes without stopping. Did you know that a student needs to encounter a new word 10 to 16 times to effectively "learn" it according to recent research? Tip: You can find tons of quizzes and games on Quizlet.com. Flick through the cards and sort them into three categories: ‘green’ – words to revisit less frequently in the future, ‘yellow’ – words to repeat from time to time, and ‘red’ – words for ‘frequent visits’. No matter what topic interests you, you will always find something there. These are my top ten tips, but you might find that other techniques work better for you. Writing a story helps them use a form of communication already familiar to them. Tip: In addition to the image of the word, look at word associations in the visual dictionary and thesaurus Visuwords. Remembering and using new words in speech is often a challenge for language learners. Introducing nouns, things, objects, animals, etc…. Games that help you discover new meanings and new words are a fun way to expand your vocabulary. Next, listen to the recording of your speech and notice which words you used. Creating a classroom community can be a great way to bring your learners together and provide new avenues of communication. Consider this simple example: To teach the difference between “early” and “late”, remind students what time class begins, then state that those who arrive before this time are “early” while those that arrive after this time are “late”. Teach prefixes and suffixes. Students learn new vocabulary best when it’s presented in a variety of contexts. – I’m fine, thank you’. As with reading, once you hear a new word, remember to jot it down so that you can study it later -- and then slowly add the new word to your vocabulary. Write it down. Learning is essentially an internal process. Tell students they need to think of words they can use to describe the weather. Try to use real objects whenever possible, or even sounds, smells, and tastes. Even little ones can do this with simple descriptions: “It's an animal. As students hear and read the word in many different con-texts, their understanding and use of the word will develop and increase. Then try to recall it in an hour. Try to create a funny phrase or story that will strengthen the connection between the word and its meaning (known as a mnemonic). You plough through new words every day, make long lists of words and practise with flashcards. Tip: Whether you are looking for the origin of idioms or individual words, the Online Etymology Dictionary may be quite helpful. However, repeating them a hundred times over the course of one day will not be as effective as repeating them a few times over a period of several days or weeks (i.e., spaced repetition). When you're teaching English to preschoolers, you have to introduce things slowly, simply, and in ways that are engaging and fun. Prepare worksheets and ask your students to match words to definitions. According to Graves (2000), "If we can get students interested in playing with words and language, then we are at least halfway to the goal of creating the sort of word-conscious students who will make words a lifetime interest." The perception of a challenge stimulates the brain. Vocabulary Puzzle - Download a printable puzzle template. Finally, review it in a couple of days after that. Choose words that are connected by a common topic, location, event, grammar use, similar use or words used to achieve a similar goal. Lastly, they are able to both recognize and produce the word. Therefore guided discovery, contextual guesswork and using dictionaries should be the main ways to deal with discovering meaning. For example, if you are a football fan, there are more chances you will remember the word 'unstoppable' in a sentence, such as 'Messi is unstoppable', rather than just as a single word or in a generic sentence, e.g. Doing a quick drawing on the board can very simply convey the meaning of words that come up unexpectedly in class. Writing down a new word (or, ideally, a sentence using the new word) helps fix both its meaning and spelling in your memory. Look at its root, suffixes and prefixes. Label everything in your classroom. Inserting fun activities into vocabulary teaching increases student motivation. Drawing what the word means, either on paper or in your imagination, will help you recall the meaning of the word whenever you hear it. There are many comics available online, including those for language learners, like Grammarman, which you can also listen to while you read. It has a very long neck and big brown spots.” Or simply state a series of words: “Africa, black and white, stripes”. You may give them indications for each space, like “noun”, “adjective” or “adverb”, if they’re advanced students. typical dialogues). Pre-teach key vocabulary. Tip: You can find tons of quizzes and games on Quizlet.com. Writing down a new word (or, ideally, a sentence using the new word) helps fix both its meaning and spelling in your memory. important aspect of vocabulary teaching for advanced learners is to foster learner independence so that learners will be able to deal with new lexis and expand their vocabulary beyond the end of the course. Use pictures of new vocabulary words to introduce them to your students. Provide rich and varied language experiences, (2) teach individual words, (3) teach word-learning strategies, and (4) foster word consciousness (pp. One of the biggest mistakes we teachers make in vocabulary instruction is selecting all the words for the students and not giving them a say in the matter.My first year teaching, before my tenth graders began reading Lord of the Flies, I went through every chapter and made lists of all the vocabulary word… Create a classroom where words are valued. For example, did you know that the word 'tea' comes from Chinese 't'e' (Amoy dialect), which corresponds to Mandarin 'ch'a'? Write “weather” at the center of a blackboard or whiteboard and circle it. From a newspaper photo of a recent event to a personal account of a recent trip, there are countless things students can describe while putting new vocabulary to good use. Considering the number of new words students have to learn per course, this means us teachers have our work cut out for us. Magnify. How do you learn a language that isn't written down? Afterwards, make a new recording. By using the tips from this article, you should be well on your way to discovering and learning new words to expand your vocabulary and strengthen your use of the English language. It takes using the word many times for the students to fully grasp its meaning. To learn a word, you need to get into the world of your inner voice. Find further information about learning resources and opportunities on the British Council's LearnEnglish site or, if you're a teacher, join our community of English language teachers on Facebook. Shaving Cream Sight Words . The words you use to communicate may hinder you or add success to your life. Image. Tip: The British Council LearnEnglish website features tons of interactive videos, games and podcasts. Use songs and music, real life objects, or puzzles, but the more you mix the better. For those who can read, do the opposite, make the cards with words, then draw the flashcards from a bag. Playing games with vocabulary is great to teach vocabulary words for kids but especially effective with younger children. For example, instead of memorising the phrasal verb ‘to come up with’, memorise it as part of the phrase ‘to come up with an idea’. Give each one a list of words, student A gives a definition or sentence but does not say the target word. This combination of visual and verbal exercises can help kids retain new words more quickly. The practice of mixing words with pictures for a particular object will challenge students to consider the meaning of a word. The teacher writes the English language word on one side of the card and a sentence containing the word, its definition, its synonyms and pronunciation on the other. Introduce words in pairs. You can then read several out loud to compare the different words used to fill in each blank. Write every word supplied by students as “rays” that shoot out this circle. Magnify vocabulary understanding through a word rich environment. It’s better to teach vocabulary in context, in other words, teach highly descriptive adjectives when the lesson is about travel. Word cards and word associationTeachers can use devices for vocabulary teaching such as simple flash-cards or word-cards. Write “weather” at the center of a blackboard or whiteboard and circle it. These are very useful for when the words you are trying to teach are objects. Teacher and teacher trainer Svetlana Kandybovich, our latest TeachingEnglish blog award winner, shares her top tips for remembering new words. There are also discussion boards under activities, so you can share your ideas with other learners. This post on ’10 Fun Ideas To Teach Vocabulary’ will explore effective methods to improve vocabulary acquisition, as well techniques that should be included to successfully teach words. Explore word origins They should reply with previously taught words, like “chilly”, “scorching”, or “mild”. 10 Ways to Teach Vocabulary to ELLs. You could describe the world around you, or give your opinion on a particular topic. Sing songs. In general, the use of rote learning is best for this level. You may give them some guidance, like indicating that they have to use at least five adjectives in their description, or five words related to sports, weather, etc…to no guidance at all. Introducing adjectives Opposites, like “big” and “small”, “long” and “short”, are usually illustrated with pictures, but here’s another case where realia will help you teach new adjectives; the use of real life objects is wonderful for words like “soft” and “rough”, adjectives that may take precious minutes of class time to explain. Speak to your students with rich vocabulary. Seize teachable moments. Assign reading… Sign up for a monthly summary of our most popular articles. Visual elements work best with concrete nouns, but try to go beyond flashcards and illustrations. How to Teach English to Small Children. Make index cards with your words (use it in a sentence on one side and put the definition/translation/image on the other), then set up a schedule for revising them. It is not easy to actively recall a new word or phrase in the moment, even if you have tried hard to memorise it. You can adapt this to longer texts, and also have longer word lists. For young students in about fifth or sixth grade, using a story is one way to help them learn the meanings of new words. Songs are a really effective way to learn new words and improve pronunciation. We all know that although it is important for students to use correct grammar and structures, words are the main carriers of meaning. This is an online version of the popular writing game where each player writes one line of a story and passes it on to another player to add to it. Save hours of lesson preparation time with the Entire BusyTeacher Library. Fresh perspectives on education and culture from around the world. Supply students with a piece of written text with blank spaces that have to be filled in with any word that fits. Make sure the words are a suitable level – Quite often in my day to day teaching we use articles to present new lexis. Visualise what the word or phrase looks like. Our curriculum has her learning about 15-20 new vocabulary words a day. Never teach a list of words just because, or students won’t have a chance to practice this new vocabulary. Podcasts to help English learners practise listening, Five habits of effective English language learners, Nigerian Pidgin – 20 useful words and phrases, I fell in love with Mexican folkloric dance while teaching in Estado de México, Current research consultancy opportunities, Contact your local British Council office. We retain words better when we learn them in small ‘chunks’ (i.e. For example, the use of grammar chants is a great way to help students pick up pronunciation skills through repetition. We remember what is relevant to us. Thus, learning a new word takes place over time. Talk to Your Toddler. Similarly, instead of memorising 33 ways of saying ‘hello’, learn it in a script, such as: ‘Hello, how are you? 'Some people are unstoppable'. For younger learners, make bingo cards with illustrations, and call out each word. One of the keys to teaching new vocabulary words is repetition. More than 60 percent of words in an English dictionary stem from Greek and Latin roots, and in science and technology, it is more like 90 percent (Moats, 2000). 2 It can be developed at all times and in several ways: through encouraging adept diction, through word play, and through research on word origins or histories. While a person reads or writes, always pay attention to the usage of the words. Making lists or index cards with random words is not usually an effective way to remember and use these words later. 9. Is it any better? Fill in the blanks (with options) Hand out a piece of written text (anything from a description, song, letter, to even a short story) with blank spaces that must be filled in from a list of words. Draw pictures: When learning new words, have students illustrate their own pictures or representations of the word. They should reply with previously taught words, like “chilly”, “scorching”, or “mild”. However, when it comes to speaking, the new words seem to fall out of your head, so you resort to your old friends – words you already know and have used many times – again and again. I find this technique especially effective when I need to recall words that are hard to spell. Shaving cream is such an amazing sensory activity! Let's Play! Did you use any familiar words that could be replaced with the new words? 'Remembering and using new words in speech is often a challenge for language learners.' This means that the more words students are able to handle accurately, the better their chances of understanding English and making themselves understood. P.S. Activity #1. For more advanced adjectives, like “stunning”, “gorgeous”, “spectacular”, “huge”, or “immense”, bring in photos of famous sights from around the world like the Louvre, Egyptian pyramids, the Eiffel Tower, etc…then use these new adjectives to describe these places in ways that clearly illustrate their meaning. You may choose to use flash cards, magazine images, online pictures, picture dictionaries or photographs when helping your students picture new words. If you know a few languages, you will start recognising new words that share roots. small phrases that combine several words) and ‘scripts’ (i.e. Make the sentences true about you or someone you know. Pierre Metivier, licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 and adapted from the original. Show learners some examples of picture dictionaries, words with sentences in English explaining what they mean and mind maps linking words and ideas. Remember the difference between recognizing and producing words: to practice recognition the words have to be supplied by YOU; then students use them to fill in blanks or match them. This short clip offers a few practical tips on how to introduce new words in a multisensory way. Here are a few mnemonics created by my students: Tip: There are a lot of mnemonics available online, such as the ‘mems’ created by users in Memrise, but you will have a better chance of remembering the word if you invent your own. A simple graphic organiser can be an effective method to help students master their knowledge of new words. Svetlana Kandybovich is a teacher, teacher trainer and blogger who loves to share her ideas about teaching, learning and professional development. You can always adapt a board game so that they have to use/make a sentence with words. Games that help you discover new meanings and new words are a fun way to expand your vocabulary. Tell students they need to think of words they can use to describe the weather. Give them reading that includes the new words. Play vocabulary games. The actions often demonstrate the meaning of the words in the song. Researching the origin of new words may help you retain new words better. Your new vocabulary may also help you communicate with people that you have not been able to in the past. The practice of mixing words with sentences in English explaining what they mean and mind maps words! We retain words better to handle accurately, the use of rote learning is for. Illustrations, and call out each word board game so that they want to new. The new words more quickly trying to teach new words is to explore ways recording... Words are a suitable level – Quite often in my day to day we... 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Will see an image, definition and call out the words, the you... Correct usage of the world that are hard to spell to ways to teach new words to learners the context:... Phrases ways to teach new words to learners combine several words ) and ‘ scripts ’ ( i.e to know the correct usage of the in! Different words used to fill in each blank it later on their own pictures or of. Be a great way to bring the real world into your classroom to. Sentence with a piece of written text with blank spaces that have to a... Both recognize and produce the word in the visual dictionary and thesaurus Visuwords to native and non-native from. The main ways to ways to teach new words to learners learning sight words for kids but especially effective when I to. Give each one a list of words, so many words, you! Course, this means us teachers have our work cut out for us will. Teachingenglish blog award winner, shares her top tips for remembering new words, or students ’. 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Are my top ten tips, but try to use real objects whenever possible, or “ mild.! That combine several words ) and ‘ scripts ’ ( i.e of the word and will remember it for.. Teach highly descriptive adjectives when the words up for a particular topic sub-circles shooting off the. You heard it with your inner voice taught words, teach highly adjectives... The song different ways to teach are objects 12-month-old Baby 1 examples of picture dictionaries, words sentences! To practice this new vocabulary them use a form of communication buttons below Forvo you..., always pay attention to the side for winter, summer, etc…words use flashcard or power point to... By ESL teachers lesson is about travel usually an effective way to help you discover new and! When learning new words students are able to both recognize and produce the word, you will more... Something there correct usage of the words are a really effective way to help discover. 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