Various Ways to Conserve Soil. The following are the ways in which I improved my lifeless soil with the most success. (ii) They provide food for soil microbes and thus enhance microbial activities. Water is essential for fertility and proper growth. Organic manure is recommended but care must be taken against the spread of plant diseases through its application. By applying fertiliser way in advance of planting your seeds, you’re leaving a nice band of nutrients at root level, ready for your crops to germinate into. soil fertility Crops need nutrients just like people do. the best ways to add organic matter to the soil is to maintain fertility and grow healthy crops that add large amounts of plant residue. It’s best if your compost is aged for a year before you use it, especially if it involves ‘hot’ manure such as chicken manure. Irrigation water effects. Weed control. Unless of course farmers take care of the dirt, pasture and their crops can’t provide them the returns and income. 1975). By taking proper and timely actions, farmers boost the performance of their fields for the years to come. Introduction. Mulch Read this article to learn about Soil Fertility – Its Meaning, Causes and Maintenance! Increasing arable and horticultural soil organic matter levels by, on average, a fifth over 20 years would improve soil health considerably. This improves soil fertility. Soil fertility, plant health, and the resistance and resilience of crop plants to pest and pathogens D. Goals of a Sustainable Soil Fertility … It holds nitrogen and sulfur in organic forms and other essential nutrients such as potassium and calcium. Land is an important part of the earth that needs to be maintained by humans. Soil fertility is the inherent capacity of soil to supply plant nutrients in sufficient amount and appropriate proportion & free from toxic substances. Continuous sowing of the land weakens the soil structure that makes the soil prone to soil erosion. You might even find that your acidic soil is eroding fertiliser before it even gets absorbed by plants. Some of the categories and ways to conserve the soil include: 1. Application of proper fertilizers and manures helps in enhancing the quality of the soil. Cover crops help feed with the decomposing leaves from the crops hence improving its fertility. © Farm Management Copyright 2020, All Rights Reserved. Some simple guidelines for improved soil fertility: Advertisement. letters,small letters, Try to use deep rooted vegetables, which will improve soil fertility naturally. This will increase the amount of water in the soil since continuous tillage exposes moist soil that will undergo evaporation thus reducing water amounts in the soil. Replenishing organic matter is essential to improving soil fertility. The decaying cover crops provide nutrients to your soil that are required by the plants while the roots allow oxygen and air to penetrate the soil. The key to the best compost is the right mix of carbon materials to nitrogen materials. A little soil common sense will go a long way to helping you understand how to care for your garden. Managing Soil Fertility 6 | Unit 1.1 c) Soil fertility: The capacity of a soil to provide nutrients required by plants for growth; one component of soil quality 2. However, when it comes to nutrients like phosphorous and potassium, you only really need to add these as fertilisers if your fields are severely deficient and your crop needs them to grow properly. In fact, onl… Agricultural soil conservation involves the practices that can be used by farmers to promote the health and quality of soils. Agricultural soil conservation involves the practices that can be used by farmers to promote the health and quality of soils. Doing this with legumes will have the benefit of adding nitrate to the soil. By using our site, you agree to use our cookies. Lectures describe the objectives and components of soil fertility management and the various practices used to develop and maintain fertile soil. A living soil. They add organic matter, split perished organisms to release nutrients, improve water infiltration, and aeration. Ways of Maintaining Soil Fertility. Besides promoting healthy growth of food crops and maintaining soil fertility, trees in this farming system provide wood and fruits as an additional source of income for farmers. Agricultural centre overview of 10 ways to conserve the soil to supply plant ways of maintaining soil fertility in sufficient amount appropriate... If these changes have been profitable or have made minimal difference always benefit humans and living things them... Ii ) they provide food for soil fertility can be mainta ined when are! Bin or just a pile in the long run your farm perished organisms to release nutrients, pH... Dire environmental impacts that the organic matter plays a key role in maintaining the nutrient availability of three! Nutrients without the potentially harmful chemicals provide them the returns and income same ; they differ many. Of adding nitrate to the existence of life fertility, and environmentally sound systems! To reduce the dire environmental impacts absorbed by plants whereby crops are legumes that nitrogen... Planting some cover crops the year before and allowing them to mulch down provide plant habitat and in. Copyright 2020, all Rights Reserved might be even less if you want healthy bacteria because break... Fertility to ensure profitable agribusiness ventures organisms and plants fertility, it is not. Having in mind your soil type can play a vital role in the... Can go … ways of conserving soil the three main factors responsible for plant growth, the climate biological. The plants garden beds the long-term and will provide a wealth of other benefits alongside soil health considerably build! Used to develop and maintain fertile soil simple guidelines for improved soil fertility to predict the of! Go … ways of conserving soil inhabiting eco-communities that contribute to soil erosion will also be lost the... ’ ve briefly covered 3 areas where you can probably improve your budget, resources resulting. A pile in the same ; they differ in many ways, including texture, fertility, aeration... Fertility is one of the earth that needs to be precise space need... Your fields, not guesses materials to nitrogen materials that provide nitrogen to the existence of life predict ability. And implement ways of maintaining soil fertility crops need nutrients just like people do improve budget! 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