redeployment). It is helpful in developing appropriate wage and salary structure. 4. 4. Define HRM: It is an art of procuring, developing and maintaining the competent workforce in order to achieve the goals of the organization in an effective and efficient manner. ޣӎ�;��:������Z+ἅs�O���`� 3���ZR��\.��1j����5��u\��K"��>�`z��S �c|�OO�� �ey@� ,ì6x���2��++r�������\ENm�'rZ������C������3�:yyL�>�BN~��\��Ưm4� �o��|���x&S���A�H��\QW�ؕ����������nT�E�AQ�>;��}� ��uV�������ܲ�ө�N#�ɍ�$�[�+�yZfEmlk����!-�N|*�\e�eGj��#έ�N�C��n$�9����k�1=�0;�9�k�m_���J�#,� ,{i�O%��?�,�-��@Y�nI@���/��_�:£ԏ��~�=�D���s�a��v{3�g�6f?d��޽�}���. Management is getting things done through and with people, responsibility of managing people rests with the line manager. i. HRD is a continuous development function. Ans. It is also known as work planning and review or goal setting approach to appraisal. Service Role – Personnel function provides services that need to be carried out by full time specialists. The following steps are taken for making successful workers participation in management: (1) Participation should be a continuous process. 3. Now-a-days trade union have more powerful and playing more active role in human resource management. Thus wage is given to compensate the unskilled workers for their services rendered to organisation. Pasitcertify offers 24/7 customer services to its respected customers. SWOT Analysis – Performance Appraisal gives a complete idea of the employee’s strength, weaknesses and based on that their opportunities and threats. Define the structure of HR department. career planning training, performances appraisal and organisational development, line-managers have specific responsibilities. iii. 2. It definitely reduces boredom and monotony by providing the employee more variety of tasks in the job. v. Stress can be either a positive or a negative influence on employee performance. 6. >> Is performance appraisal advantageous? (4) Workers’ participation has looked after the workers interest on one side and efficiency, productivity, quality and profitability on the other side. In order to protect employee interest central and state governments intervene more the activities of human resource management here audit of human resource is helpful in avoiding such intervention of government. 8. Personnel management policies: A policy is a statement or general guidelines for employees to make decisions in respect of to any course of action. To enable management to gauge and control the payroll costs. Training enables employees to develop and rise within the organization and increase their earning capacity. It is essential for each and every organisation today to understand the competition and develop and adopt suitable strategies to meet the challenge. A training policy must incorporate the following: – modern workers do not remain confined to a single function but can do more than one function. 7. It is a broader concept than Human Resource Management. It is a pervasive function. /Filter /FlateDecode It is difficult to administer because continuous interaction between superior and the subordinate is required. Training is learning job specific KSAs i.e., acquisition of knowledge, skills and attitudes that one requires to do a particular job. Question4: What is the difference between recruitment and selection? v. HRD takes a much wider view of its scope and aims at developing the total organization. HRM is in a unique position to provide competitive intelligence that can be useful in the strategic planning process. Ans. Develop team spirit – HRD manager develops the spirit of teamwork; team work for it is used for the effective cooperation and coordination of each employee which ultimately checks industrial unrest. Provide an overview of functions of HRM. Functional Role – The personnel function interprets and helps to communicate personnel policies. (iii) Objective – Its main objective is to determine remunerations for different jobs. In recent years there has been relative agreement among HRM. 2. 3. Salary is always based on time spent on job. According to pale Yode, “The term industrial relation refers to the whole field of relationships among people, human relationship that exist because of the necessary collaboration of men and women in the employment process of modern industry.”. Training tends to focus on immediate organizational needs and development tends to focus on long-term requirements. To help the superior to have a proper understanding about their subordinate. To create and maintain satisfactory level of performance. vi. According to an old Sanskrit proverb, strength lies in the organisation. (i) Meaning – Performance appraisal refers to knowing of the level of performance of employees working in an organisation. Following are the requirements for a sound industrial relations: Ans. The profit-sharing is not based on individual merit or performance. Some says, strategic management is a set of decision and actions, that formulates and implements the strategies designed to achieve the goals of an organisation. A Conciliation Officer, appointed by the government to settle the dispute. Retiring Pension- Retiring pension given to an officer who retires after completing a fixed period of qualifying services. It is a horizontal expansion and increases jobs scope and gives a variety of tasks to the jobholder. Second, it determines which individuals get to participate in which decision-making processes, and thus to what extent their views shape the organization’s actions. It gives a clear picture of the concepts when you practise it through case studies. (ii) It must serve as a guideline for framing and implementing training programme. ii. The goal of training is fairly quick improvement in workers’ performance, whereas the goal of development is the overall enrichment of the organisation’s human resources. are making use of this technique. Ans. Thus, it helps to increase interest in work and efficiency. HR practices that build employee commitment can improve an organisation’s performance in an increasingly global marketplace. v. HRM takes a very narrow view of its scope and aims only at developing and administering people. /Subtype /Type1C 3. According to Manson Haire, Pay in one form or another is certainly one of the mainspring of motivation in our society. Trained employees make better economic use of materials and equipment resulting in reduction of wastage and spoilage. It is also different from agitation which is the physical part of anxiety. Such a participation was considered essential from efficiency and economy point of view. Employees contribute to organization are as members of the team. 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